Prejudice Essay

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Prejudice ‘Prejudice’ is derived from Latin word ‘prejudism’ meaning, “to give judgment before the case has started.” ‘Pre’ means before and ‘judism’ means judgment. It is an attitude that predisposes a person to think, perceive, feel and act in favorable or unfavorable ways towards a group or its individual members. Prejudice is a baseless and usually negative attitude toward members of a group. Common features of prejudice include negative feelings, stereotyped beliefs, and a tendency to discriminate against members of the group. Gordon Allport defined prejudice as a "feeling, favorable or unfavorable, toward a person or thing, prior to, or not based on, actual experience." Ogburn considered that “prejudice is a hasty judgment or an opinion formed without due examination.” Young depicts “prejudice is predetermined attitude or idea of a person toward another based upon culturalised values and attitudes.” Types of Prejudice: Prejudice can be based upon a number of factors including sex, race, age, sexual orientations, nationality, socioeconomic status and religion. Some of the most well-known types of prejudice include: 1. Sexism: The term sexism is generally linked to negative sentiments with regard to females that derive from the belief that females are worth less or less capable than males. The discussion of such sentiments, and actual gender differences and stereotypes continue to be controversial topics. In the field of Social Psychology, prejudice studies like the “Who Likes Competent Women” study led the way for gender-based research on prejudice. This resulted in two broad themes or focuses in the field: the first being a focus on attitudes toward gender equality, and the second focusing on people’s beliefs about men and women. Today studies based on sexism continue in the field of psychology as researchers try to understand how people’s

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