There is plenty of room in the womb so the baby can move around. At birth, the last weeks of pregnancy will have the baby’s head facing downwards. The uterus walls will start to contract and the cervix will dilate, causing the baby to pass into the vagina. The baby gasps and cries after birth, so the lungs start to work. The voices of the parents will be recognized.
Micro preemies are in danger of an eye illness called retinopathy of prematurity; it’s a condition that can cause vision weakening or blindness. Because retinopathy of prematurity is easiest to treat when it's caught early, premature babies are screened quickly, regularly while they are still in the hospital. This is treated with freezing or with a laser operation, and almost all newborns recover absolutely. Premature babies normally cannot receive nutrients directly from the breast or a bottle at birth, and possibly will be fed with IV fluids or through a tube in the nose or mouth for a number of weeks. These initial feeding trials can cause enduring feeding complications, such as food rejection and slow development.
Working with babies from birth to 12 months The main factors that affect the health and development of babies in there first year are smoking, alcohol, drugs, quality of care and love, stimulation, nutrition, infections, medical conditions and genetic factors. Smoking restricts the amount of oxygen they receive in the worm and it affects their growth and development. When woman smoke during pregnancy their unborn baby is at risk of a low birth weight. Prematurity is a risk as the baby would find it difficult to develop and the woman would give birth before 38 weeks. Other related effects that include a higher incidence of cot death and asthma.
In the United States alone, it is estimated that low rates of breastfeeding add $13 billion to medical costs and lead to 911 excess deaths every year (Save, 2012). Perhaps the most effective way to improve breastfeeding rates is to provide longer periods of paid maternity leave. Countries with generous maternity and parental leave policies – such as Denmark, Norway and Sweden – tend to have high breastfeeding rates. Public health researchers in the United States recently found that women whose maternity leave lasted longer than six weeks were more likely to initiate breastfeeding, continue for more than six months and rely mostly on exclusive breastfeeding beyond three months, compared with women who returned to work between one and six weeks after giving birth. Many countries have also enacted laws to enable mothers to have paid nursing breaks, some up to one hour paid per day as long as the mother needs.
The Impact Of Smoking In Woman On Birth Weight The Impact of smoking in woman on birth weight is extremely important to be aware of from a personal standpoint. According to my research on this critical issue there are far reaching effects on the fetus from smoking maternal mothers. Unfortunately for woman in this day and time, there is a 82% chance of having a low birth weight but some woman mostly uneducated woman I must add think that having a lighter birth baby means an easier birth. Indeed this is wrong because smoking during the birth process can cause no end list of health and physical problems to the child. Carbon Monoxide and Nicotine are generally the two main elements that cause effects in the Placenta, cardiovascular and central nervous, which all are causes of low birth weight and other problems effecting the infant before and after birth.
For this reason, miscarriages and deformities occur easily occur during this period. Foetus stage This third stage starts from the second month (8th week) of conception to birth. The developing organism is now called a fetus. There is rapid growth of muscles, bones increase in size and sex organs start
Ashley Hanshaw Psych 205 Strayer October 21, 2008 High Quality Child Care Most new mothers have deep concerns that returning to work shortly after giving birth and leaving their baby in a child care facility every day could have a detrimental effect on the baby’s ability to recognize its mother. They have a tendency to believe that frequent contact with their baby is necessary in order for a mother-child bond to form, develop, and be maintained. Consequently, they wonder if child care is always bad for babies and young children. The level of interaction between babies brought to a child care facility and their mothers is no different than the level of interaction between babies who were cared for at home by their mothers. For example, the article “Results of NICHD Study of Early Child Care Reported at Society for Research in Child Development Meeting” by Robin Peth, stated that “quality child care in the early years, meaning care with a high degree of positive interaction between caregivers and children, can also lead to better mother-child interaction” (par 1).
Communication and Intellectual development starts from the moment a baby is born. In cases where a baby has been neglected from this early stage it is found that they will experience difficulties in effective communication later in life. Babies enjoy listening to songs and games and most sill start to speak by around 12 months old. Between the ages of 1-2 they will be able to form short sentences and by the age of 2 will have a vocabulary of around 200 words. By the age of 3 a child will be using negatives and plurals in their speech and vocabulary will increase rapidly.
Unplanned pregnancies constitute to the mother feeling more depressed as she now is expecting something she never intended to happen. Often, unplanned pregnancies may cause aspects like premature delivery and other complications, which bring more worry from a mother’s point of view. Unwanted pregnancies can often have a long term affect on mothers simply because the mother now has to look after a baby when she did intend to or expect to do so. Therefore, such a factor is regarded as high-risk when associated with Post-Natal Depression. In terms of the hormonal changes when giving birth, many hormones change in the body, thus triggering a greater chance of the mother suffering from Post-natal depression.
This decision is made out of haste due to her youth and immaturity. She decides that the solution to the problem is an abortion. It’s quick, and not many will know. Like many girls of her age, this is viewed as the solution to premature pregnancies. But I wonder: if she were ten years older, would her decision be different?