The key is to discover the antecedent and change it, remove it, or take action to create a new one. The best way to confront a problem is to deal with what is actually causing the problem. Discovering what the problem is what can be a challenge. I firmly believe that it is important to work with a child and not against them. To address a behavior issue I believe that first you must understand the behavior and more importantly understand what its causes are.
It can leave the participant feeling bad with seemingly no way forward. Verbalising and exploring a learners thoughts can assist them gain a positive perspective of their own work and ability and will also help identify problem areas, therefore providing both the teacher and the learner with the ability to develop e.g. asking a learner where they think they did well and where they think they could improve. Some situations in which constructive feedback is required can include; ongoing performance discussions, providing specific performance pointers, following up on teaching discussions, providing correct guidance, providing a learner with consequences of their behaviour. Clues at when constructive feedback is needed can be when a learner asks for your opinion on how they are doing, this can be a 'cry for help' from a learner.
So it is very important that the trainer chooses his words carefully in order to be clear about the learner’s achievements, progress or areas of improvement (Gravells, 2013). Constructive feedback should be more descriptive instead of evaluative. Feedback, to be constructive, cannot be limited to an evaluative sentence like “Congratulation, you’ve passed”. Although the learner might be glad he has passed, it will not give them any information about what the learner has done correctly, how they have achieved the goals and objectives and what areas can they improve. Using descriptive feedback instead of evaluative it will give an opportunity for the learner to realise what he needs to adjust or improve to achieve the desired outcome (Gravells, 2013).
Likewise it is just as important to accept that getting things wrong is okay and to understand how we can learn from our mistakes. Circle time is a great tool to learn how to take turns and listen to others, philosophy sessions is an excellent opportunity for children to express themselves without the fear of being wrong, to realise that everyone has their own opinion and that we do not all have to think the same and agree with each other. Children in life need to be able to make informed choices for themselves. Children are taught through the curriculum and assemblies
First is the idea that people can learn through observation. Next is the idea that internal mental states are an essential part of this process. Finally, this theory recognizes that just because something has been learned, it does not mean that it will result in a change in behaviour. Piaget – Cognitive Development He became intrigued with the reasons children gave for their wrong answers on
Spending time going through the learning activities and seeing how children have responded to a certain task or question, can really help change it for future activities. It is also important to look back at the learning objects so you can measure what the children have learned. It is important to have clear objectives at the planning stage, in order to evaluate whether pupils have achieved them after the lesson. If children have rushed through the activity and then looked bored then it would be obvious that the task was a bit too easy and not really suitable or beneficial for that group. Therefore you would need to try and make it more engaging and stimulating, perhaps by making it more difficult or time-consuming so the students really have to work to complete it.
'Questioning enables teachers to check learners' understanding. It also benefits learners as it encourages enitgagement and focuses their thinking on key concepts and ideas.' (Kyriacou 1995 in Desforges 1995, pg. 126) I am of the opinion that the idea children should work in mixed ability groups is not always a viable option. I feel it is important to take into account the personalities of the children, as learning may be inhibited if one child is particularly domineering or intimidating.
A child should not be spanked out of anger, but out of love. Thirdly, spanking should be administered sparingly, should be done with the parent's hand, or with a specific object set aside just for spanking. Lastly, spanking should always be done in private, so the child will not be humiliated. If corporal punishment is administered in this manner, the child will benefit greatly from his or her discipline, without the effects such as depression and
Medication is doing us harm by masking the pain of depression, and not teaching children self-control on their own. She makes effective points about how medication is changing the way our brain acts. In my opinion, I think most medication is not necessary; it’s not something that should be given to a child. How are children going to grow up and figure life out the right way? I believe when they are on it too long, the brain develops wrong and can cripple them mentally in the long run.