Hogan expresses that no matter the barrier; the nature and purpose of the test must be reveled. Minors must have consent from a parent or legal guardian. Confidentiality is another main principle. By ensuring the patient that the results are confidential, there is a trust that can be built between patient and psychologist, allowing for more accurate responses to be given on the test. When confidentiality is maintained, only qualified personnel have access to the results of the test, however this principle can also be void if the patient poses harm to him/herself or others.
Applied scientists apply knowledge of their studies to real life situations and problems (Green 2010). This involves serving as an expert witness in courtroom proceedings and legislation hearings. Psychologists maybe called to testify as an expert witness for a trial based on their knowledge of scientific evidence which is called social framework testimony. Being able to give expert testimony is beneficial to the proceeding because it helps you understand the factors that may cause a suspect to make false confessions, misguided information, and more importantly reasons for committing the crime. As a psychologist you must be able to display objectivity and be able to prove the accuracy of information provided (Green 2010).
What impact do these issues have on the field of psychological testing? Privacy and confidentiality are ethical concerns about psychological testing. Ethical codes have been established to protect participants by prohibiting clinicians or researchers from referencing or discussing any test results "outside the context and purpose for which the results were obtained" (Hogan, 2007, p. 592). According to Hogan (2007), the only exceptions are if the participant intends to harm his or herself or others or if required by legal mandate to disclose the test results (p. 592). Informed consent is another primary ethical concern for psychological testing.
It is possible for John to be penalized or he could lose his employment with the company. The Sycamore Pharmaceuticals will get a legal actions called to them for the immoral actions and again Blake may lose his job or at least not receive a bonus at the end of the year. Although the benefits for being honest and informing the FDA about all that he knows about the drug they are promoting should give him a good piece of mind and it will also show people that he is a good and moral person. “Workforce participation is a key feature of public mental health and social inclusion policies across the globe, and often a therapeutic goal in treatment settings”. (Olesen, S. C.,) Together with the mental health that will come from being a good individual Blake should not have a problem getting a new position with a new company if Sycamore Pharmaceuticals decided to let him go or he could just decide to walk out on his own.
This research paper will attempt to answer these questions to better understand the nature of repressed memories and their place in the legal system. An in-depth analysis of important research being done on the topic will shed more light on repressed memories. Before we begin to look at research on repressed memories, it is important to fully understand what the term means. According to Elizabeth Loftus in her article, “The Myth of Repressed Memory”, repressed memories are memories that are not “simply forgotten” nor “deliberately kept secret.” The idea is that when a traumatic event happens to somebody, that person’s mind could react by “removing the memory” from his/her “consciousness.” However, once the mind removes this memory from a person’s consciousness, the memory is not permanently gone; it can come back to that person later in life. This is the definition of repressed memories used by most researchers.
A person of both positive and negative feelings and impulses. To be empathic and to understand the persons thoughts feelings and struggles from their own point of view and to adopt the persons frame of mind. Also to be congruent genuine real and authentic in the relationship. Not to be judgemental but be supportive to help the person rediscover themselves. In all to avoid diagnosis, treatment plans and other methods that reflect the medical models of mental illness.
Feldman (2009), eye witness and victims are sometimes better able to recall the details of a crime when hypnotized. Eye witness testimony can make a deep impression on a jurrry, which is often exclusively assigned the role of sorting our credibility issues and making judgments about the truth of witness statements. Fisher(1999), argues that arriving at a just result and a correct determination of truth is difficult enough without added possibility that witness themselves give. Tversky (1999), also pointed out that witnesses are a powerful impact on juries. Basing on the above elucidation, one may deduce that eye witness testimony plays a fundamental role in the legal system.
If a patient needs treatment but they are not covered, that may motivate a counselor to place an incorrect billing code on an invoice to get paid for an non-covered service. While the counselor may believe this to be the best thing for the client, it is not ethically or legally allowed. This behavior actually hurts the industry as more regulation will be placed upon the counselor who will have to take more time to prove their compliance. That time they are using to prove compliance is time they are not seeing clients or generating revenue. One aspect of counseling that is very helpful is the licensure that is granted to counselors by the state.
Clinical Observation Journal Practicum Journal #5 Marcos Rosa MFT 691.RA – MFT PRACTICUM 10/30/2014 MY EXPERIENCES IN THE CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS As far as I could observe by now, being a Marriage and Family therapist is a rewarding job, but it also comes with many challenges. Families are consistently going through many changes and the therapist and the clients may not be at the same point in the family life cycle; This can at times lead to conflicts that the therapist is unable to avoid. In order to be an effective therapist you must be able to perform self-assessments and strive to continuously build yours skills. As a student in training, I am having the chance to really appreciate and absorb as much as I could from my professors in the clinical observation room. Every observation I’m noticing some similarities that take place in every section.
Why is the initial consultation so important? What factors will an ethical therapist cover at this time? The underlining reasons why ethics are vitally important in therapy are not romantic benevolent ideals concerned with altruism but reasons of practicality. It would simply not be effective and sustainable for any therapeutic profession to allow unethical practices to happen, since this behaviour will damage the reputation of the profession at large. It is therefore in the interests of all practitioners to adhere to some sort of rules of conduct.