Powerpoint Pdf Essay

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CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCING PSYCHOLOGY’S HISTORY The seats on the train of progress all face backwards: you can see the past but only guess about the future. Yet a knowledge of history, although it can never be complete and fails miserably to foretell the future, has a huge capacity for adding significance to the understanding of the present. —E. G. Boring, 1963a PREVIEW AND CHAPTER OBJECTIVES This chapter opens by describing the origins of psychology’s interest in its past and the reasons why it is important to know and appreciate history. A contrast will be drawn between traditional histories of psychology, which emphasize the contributions of distinguished psychologists, the outcomes of famous experiments, and the debates among adherents of different ‘‘schools’’ of psychology, and a newer approach, which tries to situate events and people into a broader historical context. This chapter also considers the methods used by historians to conduct research in history, and the problems they face when constructing a historical narrative from the accumulated data. After you finish this chapter, you should be able to: ■ Describe the events during the 1960s that led to a renewed interest in psychology’s history ■ Explain the reasons why it is important to understand history in general ■ Explain the reasons why it is especially important for students of psychology to understand psychology’s history ■ Distinguish between ‘‘old’’ and ‘‘new’’ history, as psychologist/historian Laurel Furumoto used the terms ■ Distinguish between presentist and historicist views of history and articulate the dangers of presentist thinking ■ Distinguish between internal and external histories of psychology and the benefits of examining each ■ Explain the appeal of and the problems with a personalistic approach to history ■ Describe a naturalistic approach to history, the kind of evidence used

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