Why and how do US Pressure Groups attempt to influence election results? US pressure groups attempt to influence election results to get sympathisers into power and monitor how these individuals use the power. William Storey sums up the reason why Pressure groups try and get influence an election into two goals, the first is to help sympathetic people win elections. The second is to make sure those elected help use their power to advance the agenda of the group that helped them win. It is clear that pressure groups do gain influence over election results as there are concerns that pressure groups play a too significant role in elections, potentially making politicians more responsive to their agenda than to the concerns of the voters.
I believe that managers’ effectiveness often depends on their styles of leadership, that is, their ability to influence others, either formally or informally. I think the style of leadership is entrepreneurial leadership. Entrepreneurial leaders are different depending on their personalities, but they are generally enthusiastic and passionate about their work and tend to take initiative. The leadership of L.L. Bean’s more focus on the corporation.
This theory is focused on followers’ implicit beliefs and assumptions concerning the characteristics of the leader. There’s a reciprocal relationship between followers and leaders. However, the followers are still passive but their perceptions, preferences and attitudes can influence leadership processes. Followers who are proactive will often negatively influence leaders. Here we can see the role of the social nature of leadership in the effects of followers on leaders.
According to Robbins and Judge (2011), the bases of power can be grouped into two, formal and personal power (p. 421). Formal power is an individual’s position within the organization and personal power is an individual unique characteristics. Formal power can be grouped as coercive power, fear of the negative results from failing to comply with a person in leadership; reward power, a person complies due to the positive benefits it may produce; and legitimate power, “formal authority to control and use organizational resources based on structural position in the organization” (Robbins & Judge, 2011, p.422). When it comes to formal power, a person that has a leadership position has the authority over their employees’ behavior. However, when it comes to personal power, such as expert power, then that individual has the power based on their expertise.
This essay will begin with a focus on the exercise of power between the relationships people have with each other and with the structure of organizations using both Lukes, and to a lesser extent, Boulding’s definitions of power, looking to examples to evidence its forms. The relationship of power and legitimacy will also be considered, illuminating further ways in which power is exercised in the world around us. 1 The first of the three faces power is described by Lukes as decision-making, and involves consequences, in return for a specific action. Lukes see this as an overt form of power where people are
Political Power My thesis is, governments, politicians, corporations, unions, advocacy groups, as well as citizens all yield forms of political power, such as hard, soft and derivative power, for many different objectives. To understand political power, you must first understand power, and politics. Power, as defined on page 3 of the text book, states that it is a way to control persons, or institutions behavior, by persuasion of coercion. Politics is a process in which a community selects a leader, empowers them, with decision making, action taking ability for common goals, and reconciles conflicts within the community. Through political participation, we empower leaders we hope will have policies for the general good, betterment of society, the public interest in mind.
* Power is having the ability to either control or influence someone else or an organization. Authority is being able to overrule any decisions. Leadership is guiding the organization or an individual to their or its goal. * The president has power over the United States. The boss of the company has the authority over the company.
There are three distinct differences between political culture and political opinion which will be discussed throughout this essay. These include individualistic versus shared values, what influences political culture and political opinion, and what creates such difference in both. Political Culture Political culture is described as certain attitudes and practices by persons who shape political behavior. Political culture includes the beliefs, myths, ideas, our moral judgments and political myths about what makes a society ‘good’ or ‘successful.’ Political Culture is the subset of values and practices that relates to government and politics. Political culture is a reflection of the government, but also incorporates elements of history and tradition that may anticipate the current system.
Their ownership allows them to have a legitimate claim over many company matters. Shareholders have power to make changes in the company due to their ownership. Shareholders have urgency because the company must answer their inquiries and demands immediately. Responsibility: Darden Restaurants has ethical, legal and economic responsibilities to its shareholders. Shareholders have an ethical duty to step in and make demands if the company is acting unethically.
In general pressure groups are seen as an important element in modern democracy however they can also be seen as undemocratic. Pluralist democracy is the idea that democracy represents multiple different sections and groups and that political power is distributed in society. Pressure groups help to enhance this as they represent causes which may be ignored by the majority due to political parties and allow political power to be spread to the public as it’s a form of political participation, this allows the avoidance of dangerous concentrations of power. Evidently pressure groups are effective and enhance pluralist democracy as governments pay attention to pressure groups and consider the demands and decide to consent to them influencing any decisions, this shows they are accepting and know the effect pressure groups have as the government has not restricted creation and action of pressure groups. In addition a function of pressure groups is to inform and educate the public, this allow improvement of democracy as the electorate can make a more informed decision in political participation, such as the general election and referendums.