PovertyS Influence On Ethnic Conflict

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Frank Gagliano/IGEN-231/Paper 2 Poverty’s Influence on Ethnic Conflict October 19th, 2008 Throughout history ethnic conflict has always had adverse effects for a nation or nations. Ethnic conflict has direct implications for a country’s well-being, and plays a significant role in the poverty rate. There are many different aspects on why poverty exists, but if there is in-fighting and cultures are in conflict, it prevents further development until that conflict is resolved. Depending on how long that conflict lasts, it could lead to years of devastation and hardship for countries struggling to pull out of the poverty threshold. Ethnic conflict has lasting effects for a country’s economy. Money dedicated to purchase arms and equipment takes away from building proper government infrastructure. Less money goes to education, health care, and building facilities. When education is affected, it results in more people becoming un-skilled workers. For those who did receive an education, an ethnic conflict could force them to migrate to different regions in the world, resulting in a brain drain for the area infected with an ethnic conflict. This drastically increases the rate of poverty to the population that ethnic conflict plagues. Discrimination becomes rampant as well when ethnic conflict is involved. A certain group of people might not have the same privileges, economic opportunities, or political freedoms as another group. A person trying to apply for a job could be turned away only because of his ethnicity or religious viewpoints. This results in only a limited amount of jobs available for the ethnic group that is being discriminating against. Also, not being allowed a voice in the government allows for continual abuse and discriminatory laws. In South Africa, apartheid laws determined where different races, could live, attend

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