Poverty Essay

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ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK POVERTY IN PAKISTAN ISSUES, CAUSES AND INSTITUTIONAL RESPONSES JULY 2002 C Asian Development Bank All rights reserved The findings, interpretations, and conclusions expressed in this study are those of the authors and should not be attributed in any manner to Asian Development Bank (ADB) or the countries it represents. The Asian Development Bank encourages use of the material presented herein, with appropriate credit. Published by the Asian Development Bank Pakistan Resident Mission OPF Building, Shahrah-e-Jamhuriyat G-5/2, Islamabad, GPO Box 1863 Pakistan. Tel: (92-51) 2825011-16 Fax: (92-51) 2823324, 2274718 Email: adbprm@adb.org Publication Stock No. 070302 FOREWORD Poverty reduction has always been an important objective for the ADB and the Bank's Poverty Reduction Strategy, approved in November 1999, articulated poverty reduction as ADB's overarching goal. In 2000, work on the poverty analysis for Pakistan was initiated as part of the process of developing the new Country Strategy and Program. This report describes the trends and key features of poverty in Pakistan, discusses its main causes, outlines existing programs and initiatives to reduce poverty, and gives a set of strategic options for ADB. A draft of this report was discussed at a high-level forum by representatives of the Government, private sector, civil society, and international development agencies in April 2001. The poverty analysis provides the basis for ADB's Country Strategy and Program for Pakistan for the period 2002 to 2006, approved in May 2002. The key findings of the poverty analysis and the discussions during the high-level forum and subsequent consultations are the basis of a partnership agreement between the Government of Pakistan and ADB. The agreement will formalize a sustainable partnership that sets out a long term-vision and

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