Throughout the duration of this essay, I will begin with exploring the idea and concept of postmodernism, and then move on to depict and evaluate these claims made by post-modernists in more depth. Postmodernism is a late 20th century phenomena that argues there has been a departure from modernism. There have been many changes which have led to this new epoch known as postmodernity. Most importantly, there has been a new form of society, brought about by fundamental changes in the nature of society. There are three distinct characteristics that allow us to recognize the difference from modernity; changes in capitalism, changes in the consumer society, and the rise of a global society.
2010 HSC Question Analyse how the central values portrayed in King Richard III are creatively reshaped in Looking for Richard The work of Pacino is able to creatively place Shakespeare’s core ideals of humanist philosophy and the corrupting influence of power within a modern context, to reveal the perennial nature of the playwright’s central values. Shakespeare’s King Richard III (1592) identifies hereditary power as a potent force when the natural order is usurped. Al Pacino’s Looking for Richard (1996) sees power within a democratic time and thus presents it as privilege, not a God-given gift, yet the two maintain a similar view of the dangers of authority without balance. Shakespeare’s time demanded a negative portrayal of Richard’s humanist ideals, where blame is placed upon the King’s lack of Christianity for his abhorrent acts. Pacino, however, contends with a time where it is increasingly becoming the norm, but still contends with a society that can be considered moral devoid in some manners, and thus the importance of spirituality and thought is evident in both.
Distortion in the belief of natural selection and the value of equality, marked in the transition from present to future represent the anguish of characters in the storyline’s present time of a society’s change in the future according to their conception of communism. A general overview of the context in the novel will be given. Furthermore this knowledge will be used to analyze first, the overall theme of the novel. Second, its implications in the characters and the plot, and finally how all these elements compose the message of the novel. The English society of the last half of the XIX century lived in a time where the theory of The Origin of the Species by Charles Darwin was recent.
Stories That Changed America: Muckrakers of the 20th Century. New York: Seven Stories Press, 2002. 2. "Muckrakers." U-S-History.com.
This all resulted in a society that for the first time was challenging the norm views about Christianity and revelation, science and the universe and even reality itself. While these pressures where part of a universal response to their contemporary times, T.S Eliot and Virginia Woolf embody their own unique ideas and inspirations in the different ways, through their individual, and seemingly unstructured, elite forms of art. Both of them push the boundaries of experience through formalist techniques, rather than merely representing an external reality as the only means of presenting their ideas. The writing style of modernism is very disrupted, and there is a significant lack of plot and in depth characterisation, which is prevalent in both Woolf’s “Mark on the Wall” which focuses mainly on an unidentified characters ever shifting thoughts, and Eliot’s “The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock”, which uses structure and language rather than a strong plot to convey the authors thoughts. Instead of the traditional unity and coherence of plot and the cause-and-effect development of the story from there, modernist writers focused on the imperfect, ever changing thoughts of the narrator, whose depressing outlook on life generally led to them taking on
Modernism, rejection of tradition Within the period of 1860 – 1935 was a time in which the art industry was going through a radical change and breaking from the tradition. Modernism refers to the philosophy and style produced around this time. Throughout the development of Europe and the rest of the world the art was greatly influenced by the surrounding influences and times that they were in. The artistic period of 1960 – 1935 was greatly influenced by changes brought on by the industrial age. “As traditional art forms had become out-dated due to industrialization, modernism emerged in Western Europe out of a need to reject tradition and embrace the political, social and economic change of the industrial age” (Arteducation.com.au 2009).
Rather than be content with what history had taught them, they would seek the truth, rather than settle for superstition and fear. Postmodernism, as Granz points out, derived from this philosophy. Its thought denies the very grounds on which western cultures have based their “truths”: absolute knowledge and meaning. Jean-Francois Lyotard, a French philosopher and leading postmodernist, was sceptical about the Enlightenment, and wrote about Grand Narratives and Little Narratives in reaction to this theory. The Grand narrative (known as meta-narratives) is a term used in the Enlightenment to describe everything inside a certain framework.
The most influential philosophers related to continental philosophy are Martin Heidegger and Jean-Paul Sartre (Moore & Bruder, 2011). Some themes of existentialism are traditional and academic philosophies are sterile from the concerns of real life, the world is irrational, and the world is absurd in the sense that there are not explanations that can be given for the way that it is. The above are not all the themes for this school of thought but there are the most compelling (Moore & Bruder, 2011). The second type philosophy is known is pragmatic. Pragmatic philosophy is a type of philosophy that rejects the idea that there is such a thing as absolute truth (Moore & Bruder, 2011).
Assess the ways in which cultural and rights claims contribute to change in international order. One of the defining features of modern society is the multiplicity of different and contested views. This is not meant to characterise modern society in a negative or positive way but rather to acknowledge the cultural debates and shared histories that surround the modern world. Even by looking at the very different theories that exist surrounding our debate on international order, we can clearly see that coherent and singular dialogue and understanding is rare. Take for example, realism.
One of the important concepts in his understanding of power is the defined word ‘doxa’ which is the combination of both norms and beliefs: the This would be described as a common sense or assumed resort. Bourdieu also uses the term ‘misrecognition’ which is closely resembled to the Marxian ideas of ‘a false conscious’ but working at a level much deeper that passes any intent at conscious influences by a group or several groups. Misrecognition is more of a cultural trend than an ideological trend, mostly because it expresses a set of active social processes that way down the common sense assumptions into the reality of social life and crucially they are born in the middle of culture. All forms of power require structure and culture are in the specific grounds where the conformity is disputed and eventually imbedded between agents, thus creating social indifferences and unequal circumstances. (Such as that with disability) Habitus is utilized