Postmodernism Essay

716 Words3 Pages
Postmodernism is seen a series of propositions, attitudes or values that, independent of the degree of theoretic value, cannot be denied and that operate ideologically as part of culture and sensibility of postmodern times. The rejection of totality and meta-narratives, the cult to fragmentation and difference, chaos, irony, relativism, and weariness are all characteristics of postmodernism. For some, postmodernism belongs to a historic period different to modernism in the sense that these new times take off from the logic that prevailed in modernism. The self is bombarded and invaded by propaganda until it succumbs to defragmentation. To be able to determine the existence of postmodernism as a cultural phenomenon, it is necessary to accept the demise of modernity. It is also necessary to clear the concept of modernity as one that starts with Hegel and continued with Marx and others (Sarup, 1993), in which modernity is understood from the standpoint of ambivalence and internal tension. This movement is known as a historic era that starts with the development of capitalist production during the Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution. The logic of the capitalist exploitation imposes the dualist character of modernity; on one hand, it imposes rationalization and on the other, provokes the development of subjectivity. The term “postmodern” identifies a broad array of artistic, cultural, literary, and philosophical movements of the 20th century (Sarup, 1993; McKernon, 2002). With the arrival of postmodernism, new ways of thinking replaced the modern philosophy of thought. The different postmodern trends appeared during the second half of the 20th century bringing about the sense that the traditional forms of art, culture, thought, and social life of modernism perished. Postmodernism divides in three sectors, depending upon the area of influence: (1) As a
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