Divorce is an important issue as it is very common in society and it affects many families, including most importantly, the children from a marriage .This commonly known increase in divorce, is leading to an increase in cohabitation. There have been many changes in society which has led to the increase in divorce rate since 1969, in this essay I am going to outline and evaluate the main causes of this. Divorce is a major cause of changing family patterns and greater family diversity. Many re-marriages involve to some extent a divorce. Since the 1960’s there has been a great increase in the number of divorces, in fact they were doubled between 1961 and 1969 and doubled again by 1972.
There are many reasons for changes in family size over the past 100 years. Family size has been changing in all of the world’s industrial societies. One of the main reasons of changes in family size is that divorce rates have increased dramatically. This can be seen by figures showing that in 1950, there were 40,000 divorces across England and Wales and in 2005 there 153,399 across the same area. The increase in divorce has led to more reconstituted families, singlehood and single parenthood, therefore the family size has generally decreased apart from in cases where reconstituted families have been formed.
Approximately 33 percent of servicewomen and men don't report their assault because the person to report to is a friend of the rapist; 25 per cent don't report because the person to report to is the rapist. In fiscal year 2011, 3,192 military sexual assaults were reported, an increase of 1 percent from 2010. (USA;Military Rape) The thing to remember here is even the military admits that the vast number of assaults is not reported. In the military, you have the right to report such acts as a restricted or unrestricted report. A restricted report would go unheard keeping it out of the ears of law enforcement, obtaining help from a chaplain or the command advisor to sexual assault and then deal with the situation from
Life changes are events in a person’s life that require a significant readjustment in various aspects of a person’s life these can be things like divorce or marriage. Holmes & Rahe are two doctors; they noticed that in many of their patients had experienced some form of stress before they became physically ill. They predicted that life events could lead to illness; to test this they developed the SRRS (Social Readjustment Rating Scale) to measure a person’s level of stress and whether it correlated with physical illness. This questionnaire was based on 43 life event taken from 5000 patient records. In order to establish the stressfulness of each event they enlisted the help of 400 participant and they were asked to score each of the 43 life events with a numerical figure of how much readjustment would be needed, taking marriage as an arbitrary baseline value of 50.
In fact, between 1914 and 1918 80,000 soldiers were identified as suffering from “shell shock”. PTSD has also been found in victims of violent rape, physical attacks, and severe automobile accidents. It has been called a normal reaction to an abnormal situation. Many people who go through traumatic events in their lifetime have difficulty adjusting and coping. With time and taking care of yourself, these feelings usually pass.
Dealing with Geriatric Inmates Abstract Elderly or geriatric prisoners are creating problems for correctional facilities, legislators, as well as state and federal budgets. From 1992 to January 1, 2001, the number of inmates age 50 and older jumped from 41, 586 to 113,358 (Camp & Camp, 1992 – 2001). The aging inmate population in the United States’ federal and state prisons is creating a heavy burden on government resources and budgets. Governments are paying more money to maintain the health and treatment of elderly individuals as opposed to younger inmates. This steady rise in the age of inmates incarcerated throughout the United States can be traced back to an increasing crime rate through the 1980’s and early 1990’s and the “get tough” response by legislating bodies and law enforcement.
Holmes and Rahe notices that many patients, in particular those with heart disease, reported significant life events in the preceding year. They introduced the concept of a life event as a change in life circumstances requiring a degree of adjustment on the part of the individual. To rate the impact of different events they asked 394 people to compare 43 life events with marriage in terms of the degree of adjustment necessary. Death of a spouse was rated as the event that requires the most adjustment, and is therefore the most stressful with divorce and marital separation following but a long way behind. At the bottom was holidays and Christmas.
The Effects of Combat Deployments on Military Marriages and Families John Doe Unknown University Abstract The United States Military has been involved in armed conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan for over ten years. A growing segment of the population has been exposed to combat in these nations. While much progress has been made in the field of psychology to assist those who were directly involved in combat; the toll it has taken on the families is an often neglected subject. There should be stronger programs instituted by not only the military, but by civilian therapists as well. Statistics exist regarding the divorce rate among military families, surveys involving how soldiers feel before and after deployment in regards to their families, and firsthand accounts by therapists who have treated these individuals.
Unemployment and Its Impact On American Cities Michael Collins Marygrove College Abstract The United States, its cities, and regions for decades have been trying to maintain low unemployment rates. It is a well know fact that the economy in America is facing tough times and many companies are being forced to pass out pink slips. As a result, America and its cities have being confronted with some of the highest unemployment rates in the 21st Century. Politicians have employed many strategies and ideologies to help regulate the unemployment rate. Unfortunately, over the past 10 years these strategies and ideologies have failed.
Lifestyle and Diseases 生活習慣と病気 1 Lifestyle As countries develop, become more industrialized and people live longer, lifestyle becomes a major factor for chronic diseases -- including obesity, type 2 diabetes, heart disease, dementia, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and depression (slide 1). As life expectancy increased by 30 years in the 20th century in developed countries, the major causes of death changed from infection to chronic diseases. Behavioral patterns are the major determinant of health, and they contribute to premature death (slide 2). The available health care system also has a significant impact on premature death, even in developed countries. For example, because people who lack health insurance are unable