They thought if architecture wants to be an amalgamation, it has to be unite the artificial and nature first. Phenomenological attitudes were also part of their theory. Phenomenological attitude is composed of the architect and the person who is aware of architecture, or the viewer. The character of their architecture is that uses a simple volume of Cartesian, makeup (a strict distinction with decorations), particular detail, eye-catching materials, urban intelligence and skill, minimal art, and no imitation from others. In their works, structure of buildings and material were based on their experimental mind.
Early modernism began as a means of addressing worsening social conditions brought about by failures in urban and architectural design, as well as utilizing a variety of new materials which allowed designers to explore new territories in building design. One architecture theorist in particular, Eugene Viollet-le-Duc, struggled to conceptually bring these new ideas to the field. It was his belief that while the traditions of architecture at the time should not be eradicated, new construction techniques and materials should inform future design. He was clear to distinguish between the simple revival of imitation of past design styles, and the use of historic architectural motifs while incorporating new ideas and
Clearly the Salk Institute is a research laboratory that warrants these considerations when selecting building materials. The materials that make up the Salk Institute consist of concrete, teak, lead, glass, and steel. In my opinion these materials address the laboratories demands by being easy to maintain, as well as being durable allowing the Salk Institute to be built to last. I really enjoyed Kahn’s attention to detail when it came to the concrete work. Once the concrete was set, Kahn allowed no further finishing touches in order to attain the pinkish glow of "pozzuolanic" concrete.
(D): The Built Up Jig: The built up jig used dowels and screws for fabricating member welded type. Standard steel sections are used in it for the limited numbers of details, which are secured by means of screws and dowels, the locating pins and the blocks are positioned so that the greatest dimensional variation of the work piece may be accommodated. (E): Leaf Type Jig: Leaf type jig is simple made from a block of steel fitted with two adjustable locating screws and a spring loaded plunger. It is used in case of measured large components where it may be both unnecessary and construct a jig to hold the complete component , where madding is purely confined to a local section of the work piece. 2:Locating Devices The pins of various design and made of hardened
Gerhard Lenski coating theory is an attempt to unify the conflict and factionalism into a single entity within the framework of evolutionary theory. Pulling away from a radical conflict theory postulates Gerhard Lenski obtained hakiakat society, the use of coercion in stratification system and the degree to which social conflicts gave birth to differences. Understand the difference between ideology and stratification Ideology is a person’s cultural beliefs that justify social stratification; Ideology is the link between culture and stratification. Usually the ruling group set the fundamental ideological values and they tend to accommodate the interest of the society’s ruling groups. (Marger, Pg.28).
 Monocoque (/ˈmɒnɵkɒk/ or /ˈmɒnɵkoʊk/) is a construction technique that supports structural load by using an object's external skin, as opposed to using an internal frame or truss that is then covered with a non-load-bearing skin or coachwork. The term is also used to indicate a form of vehicle construction in which the body and chassis form a single unit. The word monocoque comes from the Greek for single (mono) and French for shell (coque).  The technique may also be called structural skin or stressed skin. A semi-monocoque differs in having longerons and stringers.
However, the strategy adopted by the Kansas City Works is based on differentiation due to its cost disadvantages such as union labor costs and inefficient plant infrastructure. In 1991, a new performance measurement system for Kansas City Works was implemented by Bob Nenni, the Director of Finance. His aim was to provide managers with better information which gave them earlier warning signs and improved commitments to achieve objectives. The new system was designed so that managers would prioritize certain key objectives and not the numerous details provided by the old Operating Statistics Report that they have used in the past. The new system also aims to provide an improved basis for evaluating operating managers and manufacturing supervisors.
In non-destructive test, the sample is not destroyed and this test is very useful in determining the strength of existing buildings or structures where as in destructive test a sample is made and then destroyed to find out the strength of concrete. Compression and core tests are the example of destructive test. The nondestructive tests that will be carried out are the Rebound Hammer and Ultrasonic Pulse velocity tests. * Test to determine the workability of fresh concrete (Developed from ASTM C- 125, 143, and ACI Standard 211.3.) * Definition of workability Workability of concrete is defined in ASTM C-125 as the property determining the effort required to manipulate a freshly mixed quantity of concrete with minimum loss of homogeneity.
It was Marx who coined this term ‘classical economics’ to refer to the economics of Smith, Ricardo and Mill. These three classical economists argued that free markets regulate themselves confining their labour theory of value. On the contrary, Marx considered capitalism to be a historically specific mode of production that would eventually be replaced by communism. In his writing on the communist Manifesto, Marx criticises capitalism and believes that labour exploitation will be the driving force behind a revolution for a socialist economic system. Adam Smith’s writing is structured around his economic metaphor of the ‘invisible hand’ which perceives the marketplace to be self-regulated.
As stated in Giddens, sociologists who support this theory see individuals as not created by society but as the creators of society. Both the functional and conflict perspective, study society on a macro level. Unlike the micro study of society that looks to the individual, structural theory instead looks to society as a whole. Supporters of this theory view society as the creator of the individual, it is believed that the rules norms and values of society influence and govern the individuals. This essay will look at that two structural theories of functionalism and Marxists, it will compare and contrast both perspectives and identify similarities and differences in their views of on education family, as well as highlighting the strengths and a weaknesses in both perspectives.