Poop Essay

2930 WordsJan 5, 201412 Pages
poop Physical and Cognitive Development in Late adulthood Rosello, Nicole Santiago, Yarisell Zapata, Maria Rocha, Mateo Period 1 May 21st 2013 Important Keynotes: Primary Aging - gradual, inevitable process of bodily deterioration that begins early in life Secondary Aging - results of disease, abuse and disuse - avoidable factors Young Old - 65-74, active, vital and vigorous Old Old - 75-84 Oldest Old - 85+ Functional Age - how well someone functions relative to others of the same chronological age (someone who is 90 could be functionally 65) Longevity - how long a person actually lives Gerontology - the study of the aged, the aging process. Geriatrics - branch of medicine concerned with aging, and related support services The Graying of our Population * 1900, 4.1% of the U.S. population over 65 * by 2000, it was 12.4% * by 2050, it will reach 20% * by 2050, 85+ will reach 5%, the fastest growing segment * centenarians (100+) tripled between 1980 - 1995 (about .5 million people) What was the life expectancy from ancient to modern times? * iron and bronze age – 18 * 2,000 years ago – 22 * middle ages – 33 * 1700s U.S. – 40s * 1900s U.S. – 49.2 * 2000 U.S. – 76.9 * 1998, world - 66 Why is our population getting normatively older? * medical progress * healthier lifestyle * smaller families, reducing the relative ratio * the "baby boomers" (born between 1946-1960s) will soon approach late adulthood Ramifications? * economic, social, physical and political * the cost of Medicare will increase sixfold by 2040 Diversity and the Aging Population * today, 90% of the U.S. elderly are European Americans * by 2030, elderly minorities will comprise 25% * the number of U.S.

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