The United States Department of Defense defines terrorism as “the calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological,” (Feith, 2004). Terrorism can be conducted by an individual or a formal organization. A terrorist organization usually initially begins as a special interest group with just a few members, and through recruitment, militia formation,
In any form, terrorism sends a message. Terrorists, governments, and the media see the function, roles and responsibilities of the media when covering terrorists’ events from differing and often competing perspectives. Such perspectives drive behavior during terrorist incidents, often resulting in both tactical and strategic gains to the terrorist operation and overall terrorist cause. The challenge to both the governmental and press communities is to understand the dynamics of terrorist enterprise and to develop policy options designed to serve the interests of government, the media, and the society. Terrorists must have publicity in some form if they are to gain attention, inspire fear and respect, and secure favorable understanding of their cause, if not their act.
The influence on terrorism in the Western hemisphere by the Russian revolution began with a vow by Czar Alexander to make changes to distinguish the nobles and peasants. The Peoples Will was a violent socialist revolution whose goal was to reform and modernize Russia and overthrow Czar Alexander. “When it (Peoples Will) launched a campaign of revolutionary terrorism in the 1870s, it faced confrontation with conservative elements such as the church, police, and military. Peoples’ Will came to believe it was necessary to terrorize these subversive organizations into submission” (Byrnes, 2003-2007). During that time, the view was that terrorist acts were a way to overthrow the government.
In George Bush’s ‘war on terror’ speech, George Bush has strongly depicted Al Qaeda as iniquitous freedom haters. He starts by using emotional appeal in his first sentence stating Al Qaeda as “enemies of freedom” to create a sense of injustice towards the audience, which manipulates them to support Bush’s contention and also trigger an emotional response. In his third paragraph, he uses a metaphor to describe Al Qaeda: “Al Qaeda is to terror what the mafia is to crime”. This automatically creates a negative image in the audience’s mind and furthermore, highlights Bush’s main point. Throughout his whole speech, he uses an anger and disparaging tome to reflect Bush’s point of view.
The purges and show trials aimed to terrorise Soviet society into compliance with Stalin’s regime, and ‘remove potential enemies,’ to allow Stalin to found an almost entirely ‘new’ Communist party, which comprised of ‘more dependable’ members. The Terror fundamentally had the impact of manipulating and destroying social norms, and disarranging the political and military structure which had formed in Russia following the Bolshevik revolution. During the purges and show trials which comprised the Terror, the Communist Party were forced into submission, which essentially impacted the party in an adverse manner. 90 per cent of the once established Bolshevik party members were purged, including Bukharin, Yagoda and Rykov at show trials, and the remaining members were exhausted of any power. The removal of these skilled and able members was detrimental for the Communist party, as it weakened them industrially and economically, and resulted in an endemic lack of experience across the party.
The use of force or violence, or threatened use of force or violence, against persons and places for the purpose of intimidating and/or coercing a government, its citizens, or any segment thereof for political or social goals B. The use of force or violence, or threatened use of force or violence, against politicians for the purpose of intimidating and/or changing a government, its policies against foreign powers, or economic status C. The use of force or violence, or threatened use of force or violence, to change political policies, destroy economic bases, or eliminate a particular social class D. Psychological warfare tactics used to sway political outcomes on an international scale E. None of the above 3. What type of incident involves an unusually wide distribution of a disease or simultaneous outbreaks of a disease? (1 point) A. Biological B.
President Bashar al-Assad, a western-trained optician and once viewed as a reformer, ordered the military to fire on protesters, with nearly 3,000 killed in the conflict. When the demand for democratic reform conflicted with Al-Assad’s fear of losing power, he transformed into a tyrant and dictator. Encountering conflict may also simply force a person in a position of power to lose power. When opposition to a person’s power is too great it may force a change, and can destroy a person who has lost his/her power. In Arthur Miller’s play, “The Crucible”, Rev.
Due to the semantic field of fear and terror running throughout the discourses of Bush and Blair their choice of lexis is crucial in conveying their political ideologies. The introduction of Bush’s speech was of dire importance. Antithesis is being used within the first sentence; Bush begins his discourse “… Our fellow citizens, our way of life…”, and then ends with “deadly terrorist acts”. Due to the contrasting image portrayed listeners feel their “way of life”, they, as individuals and citizens of America are at threat, of “deadly and deliberate terrorist attacks”. This further promotes the global normalisation of terrorism and the “War on terror”.
Imagine, it is 1793, and the people of France are in a state of terror. King Louis XVI has just been executed, and Robespierre and the Jacobins have taken over the power in France, creating a Reign of Terror. The Reign of Terror was a period fifteen months after the onset of the French Revolution when struggles between rival factions led to mutual radicalization. The country was divided between two radical political groups; the Girondins and the Jacobins. The Girondins believed in a democratic government with some power going to the citizens.
The effects of terrorism can cause loss of life and injuries to property damage and disruptions in services such as electricity, water supply, public transportation and communications. The dictionary defines terrorism as “ n. the policy of using acts to inspiring terror as a method of ruling or of conducting political opposition”. Though terrorism can be expressed in two ways. Domestic terrorism involves groups or individuals whose terrorist acts are directed at situations of our government or population without unknown ways.