Pollution and the Chesapeake Bay

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Week 5 – Assignment 3: Argumentation – Persuasion Essay Richard Miller South University Online Pollution and the Chesapeake Bay The beautiful waters of the Maryland Chesapeake Bay have many valuable assets. For hundreds of years people have used this body of water for recreational, economic, and commercial gain. As seen firsthand, over the last 35 years the Maryland Chesapeake bay is in dire needs of pollution restrictions and clean-up primarily in the bay’s tributaries. Though many people may not realize, the Bay is the Nation’s largest enclosed body of water with multiple fresh water streams feeding it. It is also the nation’s most productive estuary ( Zynjuk, 1995). Although I have seen a drastic decline in fishing, crabbing, bay grasses, and land, this problem has been an issue over a hundred years. It's time for the government and people in general to step up and fight to improve the quality of the water of the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries. Although many people refer to pollution as things we see such as floating debris and garbage, nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorous are the biggest killers of the bay waters. Although these nutrients are essential to maintain plant and animal life, excessive amounts are detrimental. There are many fresh water streams and rivers that flow into the Chesapeake Bay. These streams and rivers are known as tributaries. Of all the tributaries, the Susquehanna, Potomac, and the James River account for 97 percent of the nitrogen entering the bay (Zynjuk, 1995). The United States Geological survey states 600 million pounds of nitrogen entered the bay through these three rivers in a two year span (Zynjuk, 1995). Nitrogen is a nutrient produced from sewage treatment plants, run-off from city streets and water run-off from fertilized crops. The increased nitrogen causes a rapid accumulation in the population of

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