Politics Essay

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Gause, a political scientist who directs the University of Vermont’s Middle East studies program states that: “no solid empirical evidence for a strong link between democracy, or any other regime type, and terrorism.” During the 1970s and 1980s, various terrorist organizations arose in democratic countries, including the Red Brigades in Italy, the Provisional Irish Republican Army in Ireland and the United Kingdom, and the Baader-Meinhof Gang in West Germany. One study found that most terrorist incidents in the 1980s were committed in democratic states, generally by their own citizens. There’s no reason to think that the Al Qaeda would be unable to recruit followers under democratic Arab governments and continue with terrorist activities. Gause further states that: “Terrorism, of course, is not distributed randomly. According to official U.S. government data, the vast majority of terrorist incidents occurred in only a few countries. Indeed, half of all the terrorist incidents in "not free" countries in 2003 took place in just two countries: Iraq and Afghanistan. It seems that democratization did little to discourage terrorists from operating there -- and may even have encouraged terrorism.” Furthermore, these nations know that they do not have a lot of public support, and since terrorist groups are not themselves democratic, why would they accept democracy on a national level? Argument 2: There is no relationship between the incidence of terrorism in a given country and the degree of freedom enjoyed by its citizens Proof: According to the State Department's annual "Patterns of Global Terrorism" report (between 2000 - 2003), 269 major terrorist incidents around the world occurred in countries classified as "free" by Freedom House, 119 occurred in "partly free" countries, and 138 occurred in "not free" countries, these numbers just simply show that there is no

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