Political Systems Essay

754 WordsApr 30, 20134 Pages
Political Systems and Citizenship Political systems are instrumental in shaping the development of individual nations. These systems determine the policies that are to be followed by the government and the governed and aim to establish political stability. Their success at this, as well as their other policies, not only affect the strength of a nation, but societal contentment. The values each system embodies both reflect and influence the values of the nation where they exist. In Russia, communism has had a tremendous impact on the history of the country, while constitutional monarchy has been key to shaping the development of Great Britain. Communism, originally proposed by Karl Marx in his Communist Manifesto (1848), aimed to solve the mistreatment and poverty suffered by the industrial working class by creating a cooperative, classless society where all property and profit are shared equally. However, the communist ideal of peaceful societal change that would benefit everyone was not demonstrated in countries where it was implemented, the first of which was Russia (the Soviet Union). Vladimir I. Lenin introduced the idea of communism to the suffering workers and peasants, which appealed to them. After the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 that overthrew the Russian monarchy, he established a state ruled solely by the Communist Party. Although the structure of the state looked to be a kind of parliamentary democracy, the Communist Party controlled all the elections and it was the real power. This system also left the country vulnerable to political domination by a single person. Joseph Stalin, who succeeded Lenin, proved to be a communist totalitarian dictator and used the policies of communism for his own ends. His communist government invoked harsh tactics including the purging of all alleged enemies, torture in prison camps, and forced labor. His

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