Political Science Essay

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One may ask what John Locke, Adam Smith, and Thomas Jefferson have in common. Through lecture one, and lecture two, I have come to the conclusion that they are all similar in one particular way. Each one of these men are Classical Liberals that helped shape, and structure The United States. It’s not so simple defining Classical liberalism in one sentence, although John Locke does quite a good job “Life, Liberty, and the pursuit of property.” (This was later changed to Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.) A true Classical liberal believes in this, as well as: limited government under the rule of law, and economic freedom. Classical liberalism became a dominant ideology in the early eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. Along with Classical Liberalism comes the ideology or law if you will, of Natural Law. Natural Law: “The law that would govern humans in a state of nature before governments existed.” (Page 26, Politics in America). But if you were to dig deeper into the roots of this definition, you will find it means something very simple. Is man naturally good, or is man naturally bad? John Locke believed that man was naturally good. Subsequently Thomas Hobbs believed that man was naturally bad, and with no exceptions every human lived a life that is were solitary, poor, brutish, and short. In class we used the analogy of the man with the apples and the man with the fish. Locke would say they would trade each other and remain civil. As trade continues they begin to create a society. On the other hand Hobbs would say that they would exchange goods with force, and in the end there would be war instead of a society. When immigrants came to the United States they were under English rule. The king at the time was King George III, and he was not being very fair to the colonies by posing unfair taxes and laws. The colonies were tired of his policies and his

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