pag.). By using a juxtaposition, its shows Adams’ credibility by building up logos and pathos. By using pathos and logos, it brings an emotional and logical appeal to the readers and makes them feel and think that a free government is better than a monarchy because they are allowed to have a say in what happens in the country. It shows in a free government, more people get a choice in the decisions in the government and what happens where in a monarchy, one person has reign over every decision that is made. It helps Adams’ purpose to help lead the readers to believe in what he is saying and that they believe that a free government is better than a monarchy.
(Document 6) As written in The Origins of the Second World War, by A.J.P. Taylor, if more countries kept getting involved with the issue of the Munich Agreement, Czechoslovakia would have been safe. Taylor also thought that German people were the only ones in the world who can “turn Hitler out” This was to be thought because the Germans were the ones who put him into power in the first place. “The appeasers” feared that the loss of Germany would result in the domination of Europe” (Doc
Assumptions of institutionalism theory include institutions mold human preferences and behavior. In addition institutions enable collective action. Common Cause shapes behavior by lobbying for policies on what people desire and want. Common Cause has been involved in many of the most pressing issues of the day. The organization led fights for campaign finance reforms, ethics and accountability in government, and open government at the national, state and local levels.
The main way they have an effect on public policy, they supply evidence to the legislators/ the political parties. 2. How do you think the media influences the decisions of citizens and government officials? - I think the media influences affect is by the agenda setting for them. Meaning that this connects to the quantity and the kind of news coverage on the main topic of issues being presented.
The presence and power of pressure groups in a state depends on a number of factors. Pressure groups can be reached out by the govt or can keep themselves from it. However, there are numerous factors which make pressure groups a backbone of democracy while other factors undermine it. Pressure groups enhance pluralism, which is a characteristic of democracy, as it encourages competing centres of power, representation and choice. Especially true where pro and anti- groups coexist, depicting all shades of opinion.
(d) For one of the means of support you described in (c), explain two different ways in which that form of support helps interest groups to achieve their fundamental goal in the political process. 1. a) The fundamental goal of interest groups is to influence the political decision making process to a way that benefits their cause. b) The fundamental goals of political parties in the political process is to nominate candidates for office, raise money for their campaigns, and encourage people to vote in order for their political candidate to win the election. c) The first way that interest groups support the fundamental goal of political parties is by raising awareness in the general public, and pressuring elected officials to support the agenda for their respective interest group. To help the desired political party win, an interest group can either give money to the candidate's campaign, or publicly create an alliance with their campaign.
"William Safire, in his Safire's Political Dictionary, defines "machine politics" as "the election of officials and the passage of legislation through the power of an organization created for political action." Hierarchy and discipline are hallmarks of political machines. "It generally means strict organization", (Safire ,1). The machine here is of course a political machine which by definition in US politics is a party organization headed by a single boss or small autocratic group, that commands enough votes to maintain political and administrative control of a city, county or state. In his Political Dictionary William Safire defines “Machine Politics” as the election of officials and the passage of legislation through the power of an organization created for political action.
Depending on the resources at their disposal and the power and influence they are able to wield there are varying degrees constraints encountered by political actors as well as promising opportunities to assert authority1. The post-Cold War dynamic has paved the way for a diverse array of politically activated groups, which have broken away from the tradition political units, such as the nation state, and created a new idea of what constitutes a ‘political actor’ 2. Therefore the term ‘political actor’ is in need of definition, and specification, in order to clarify what groups can be classed as political actors as well as which groups will be considered in this essay. In general terms political actors can be thought of as individuals or groups of people who react to pressures within a society and drive for change or attempt to prevent change in order to uphold the views of those they represent3. These individuals or groups fall into many categories in the contemporary political arena where decreased transactions costs make communication far quicker and cheaper than ever before and the ease with which people can travel allows the constant exchange of ideas and action.
Political behavior can be defined as an influence or attempt to influence the administration of recognition and disservice. A broader definition would include behavior such as; withholding essential information from key staff members, entering a coalition, whistle blowing, spread of rumors, breach of confidentiality and more. Managers and leaders impact organizations when any particular manger or leader implements the use of power tactics and or political behavior. In an organization leaders tend to use power tactics or influence tactics such as legitimacy, and or exchange tactics. Leaders also tend to make use of some political tactics such as blaming others, and or passing the buck.
According to the online Webster’s Dictionary, “..political participation is the active engagement by individuals and groups with the government processes that affect their lives.” Political participation is an important region in American culture, since it affects our daily lives and how we live. It is a process which we as Americans, no matter the age, should involve ourselves in. Political participation is a huge factor in determining the way our future and current generations will prosper. Political participation is stratified by age, meaning arranged or classified. Thinking about it, how much participation in political government do young people have opposed to older people?