Before 800 CE, Africa had little contact with the outside countries in the Mediterranean and Asia. The spread of Islam linked Africa to other regions through trade, religion, and politics. Unlike other civilizations, Africa did not hold on tightly to their older traditions. This allowed for a rather smooth transition into a new religion. The native people accepted Islam for many reasons and thus allowed leaders to imply new rules, regulations, and standards into society.
In 1453, the Ottoman Empire began to block trade routes from Europe to the East. This forced the European countries to search for new trade routes. These new trade routes led from Europe to Africa and the Americas. From 1492 to 1750, the results of new contact between Western Europe, Africa, and the Americas changed all three socially by a development of a middle class within Europe, mass exports of slaves in Africa, and the placement of the encomienda system. Many aspects of the African and American economies remained unchanged by maintaining an agrarian based economy.
I find these two books similar because they are about very important events in world history that are not well known. Oberlin’s part in the abolition movement was not well known, either was the treatment of Africans in Congo at the hands of colonists. Both of these stories need to be known to correctly understand the past, but these stories are not spread to the extent that they should be. Both of these books help to fill holes in history of the abolition movement and the treatment of African
In contrast, the development of the Saharan Caravan trade route was quite different to the Silk Road’s development throughout time. The development mainly was dependent on the rise of the empire of Ghana. The Mediterranean economies where short of gold and so they could supply salt to other countries those were short of it. The Saharan Caravan trade route also developed because of the slave trade. This made a huge contribution to the development because a large number of Africans were sent to the north, to serve as slaves or domestic workers.
The African slave trade took a rapid turn in the 18th century due to the demand of labor. A question one might have is why Americans used African instead of Native Americans. After the arrival of the colonist, Native Americans began to die off in large numbers due to diseases the English brought over with then such as small pox. Also given that Native Americans were familiar with the land and able to navigate their way around; it would be highly unlikely to keep them from escaping, whereas America was a completely unknown place to the
A major change was the rise and fall of empires that participated in Silk Road commerce. Around 250 BCE, the Romans, Hans, and Mauryans were the major competitors of this trade, but as time passed these empires were displaced by newer ones around, consisting of Tang in China, the Gupta in India, and the Byzantine empire in Europe. The Silk Road sometimes was confirmed to be one of the causes of this variation, as shown by the Han and Gupta Empires, as invasions toward these empires led to a decrease in Silk Road engagement which was a primary foundation for their economy, and therefore led to economic detriments. These empires sometimes also fell because of disease, such as the Black Plague, much of which was spread through the Silk Road. Mongol Invasions also affected the Silk Road, as well as the empires within it; they disrupted Chinese trade through their invasions, and spread disease throughout the road as well, leading to a decrease in Silk Road productivity, as well as losses to all empires within the trade due to disease.
This idea did not last long because the morality rate was high and people did not see any reason to go over if they were going to be servants. Next, they looked to African slaves to do their labor for them. “Formerly a new source of trade, the continent now became transformed in the European view into the repository of vast supplies of human labor- ‘black gold.” (Black People in a White People’s Country) The Africans were taken from their home and forced into labor in the western world. The Triangular Trade was a system in which slaves, crops, and manufactured goods were traded between Africa, Europe, and the American colonies. Slaves were sent to
In religious values both Chesapeake and New England had very different views. New England was very religious driven. In Chesapeake religion was less severe. They establish an Anglican church but most slaves would not participate. There economy was very different as well the Chesapeake income would come from the tobacco industry and trading slaves.
Also demographically, the start of sugar plantations and silver mines was another major effect on the Native Americans. The population was starting to decrease even more as the labor systems began to increase its brutal and harsh working conditions. With the Europeans causing such a loss in the Native’s population slaves were being imported from West Africa. Agriculture within the Columbian Exchange introduced both regions to new crops and animals. New goods were being brought to each region, with the Americans introducing Europe to tobacco, corn and potatoes.
Effects of the Colonialism in Nigeria Colonialism in Africa is one great cause for the death of cultures in Africa. Not only did it change traditions and political structures, but it was also the cause of the feudal area in Africa. In 1900 Lord Frederick Lugard established indirect rule in Nigeria. During the late part of the 19th century, most of Africa's continent came under political control of European powers. In Nigeria, things were no different and by 1905 the British had established rule over all of present-day Nigeria.