Tecumseh Biography Tecumseh was a Native American leader of the Shawnee. Tecumseh worked to unite other Indian tribes to against white expansion into the west in the early 1800s, and he was also became a hero figure in American Indian and Canadian history. Tecumseh was born in March, 1768 on the Scioto River, near Chillicothe, Ohio. He was the second son of Pucksinwah, the Shawnee warrior who was killed in the Battle of Point Pleasant. With the last aspiration of his father, he was trained to be a warrior and never made peace with the whites.
The LaPointe Treaty established the Fond du Lac Reservation at 100,000 acres. These treaties may have kept peace, but eroded Indian ownership of ancestral lands and made impossible the hunter-gatherer way of life. Rather than protect the rights and lifestyles of Chippewa people, treaties and legislation were enacted to force Indians to assimilate non-Indian lifestyles and cultural values (Anishinaabeg). Jim Northrup wrote Walking the Rez Road, published in 1995, which contains forty short stories and poems.The book features Luke Warmwater as a central character. Luke is a Vietnam veteran who has survived the war but is having trouble surviving the peace on a reservation where everyone is broke and where the tribal government seems to work against the interests of the reservation folk.
We were really in bad shape before the white men arrived and I don’t know how to explain how we were able to manage without these fundamentals things that (so they tell us) are so necessary for a civilized society.” This quote was stated by, John (Fire) Lame Deer, a wichasha wakan (The Holy Man). He made his home known as the Pine Ridge Reservation; he went out into the world becoming known among the Lakota and American public. This trimester inside the Political Science class, we have been studying the topic of how democracy affected the Native Americans. In the beginning quote it tells us a story. It tells us how natives lived a free life, no rules or anything, because no one would think of doing such delinquent things, until they created laws (the government) provoking people to do so.
This led to conflicts and therefore partially led to the destruction of the Native American way of life. The white Americans quickly claimed land and would move the Plains Indians around as they saw fit, usually affected by where gold had recently been discovered. This culminated in putting the Native Americans on reservations. In many of the agreements and treaties signed over land the settlers would claim never to go back on their promises “as long as grass grew” and “the mountains stood”. Breaking the promises would have shown the Native Americans that the settlers thought little of their intelligence, and also would instil a lack of trust in the settlers, as now every apparently solemn vow to not attack certain areas or to treat the Plains Indians better etc.
Sherman wanted permission for white emigrants to cross the Indian lands as well as for permission to build three forts on the Bozeman Trail. Red Cloud of the Oglala announced that no such concession would be made especially since he had seen soldiers marching off to build the forts before they even had permission, as they wanted him to accept the decision to allow emigrants to settle on the last of the great Sioux hunting grounds. He angrily broke off the talks and stormed off, and vowed to defend the territory and shut down the trail, when he was unable to reach agreement with the army negotiators, he resorted to sending out war parties that attacked emigrants and army patrols. These hit and run tactics were difficult for the army to deal with and at the time the Indians arrived on the scene of the attack, the war parties had disappeared. Fort Phil Kearny was one of three forts on the Bozeman trail connecting the Platte River with mines of Montana.
For northern blacks were exposed to the formal segregation of the south when training in rural military camps. All the more when they found that the Army itself was segregated, where they were revoked of the right to fight, often given medial positions as cooks and cleaners. Black soldiers who were allowed to fight were given less training and worse equipment. The treatment of black soldiers lay in the striking contradiction of the freedoms which they were fighting for abroad, yet were unable to enjoy themselves. This continued segregation throughout the war served only to transform black soldier’s attitudes; they would use the ‘Double V’ sign to show they were fighting for two victories: victory overseas and victory over racism at home.
The war had seen over 1.2 million black men join the US army. The experiences of racism and formal segregation had radicalised the soldiers, especially the Northern blacks, as they had never encountered the harsh treatment of blacks in the Southern states. Many soldiers would later join the fight against segregation back home; the evidence for this was the massive rise in NAACP members. Furthermore, at liberation of Nazi concentration camps, the extreme horrors of racism for a ‘lesser’ race was shown to US and the world, this convinced many people back in the US that racism was completely unacceptable. The impact from the war influenced public opinion on racism, however they couldn’t make de facto changes regarding segregation and so wasn’t the main reason for the improvement in effecting the position of African-Americans.
The Second World War was a turning point for African Americans in the struggle for civil rights because they gained respect from most whites, but only to a certain extent. It helped them to get the vote, but outside the southern states suffered from de facto segregation, Southern states suffered from De Jero segregation and Jim Crow Laws, but they started to gain respect from some whites. The Second World War was a turning point for African Americans as it showed equality, however, voting rights did not necessarily result in the number of black votes within a constituency boundary. In 1945, there were only two black members of Congress, Representative William Dawson from Chicago, and Adam Clayton Powell, who had been elected to Congress in 1944 because newly drawn constituency boundaries ensured that Harlem’s quarter of a million blacks would be able to elect a black man to the House of Representatives. So, even though they took a step forward in equality outside of the south, it didn’t really help that much as they couldn’t do much with the vote because of the attitudes shown towards blacks from whites.
That was because the whites were afraid that the black literacy would prove a threat to the slave system. Due to that the law was passed that black weren’t allowed to have any type of education. Life During Civil Rights Movement They mostly faced the problems of being black. Due to them being black they didn’t have many opportunities and they got rejected in everything. Also you can basically say we were here just to be neglected and be treated like nobody, and we were here for no reason.
A lot of the states’ laws had to be overcome in order for the act to become effective such as Jim Crow laws. These laws made African Americans feel as though they were relegated to the status of second class citizens. Jim Crow laws prevents blacks from voting due to illiteracy, social class, and/or poverty. It did take some muscle from the federal government, the attorney general’s office and executive orders from the president to make sure civil right laws were enacted. But it was all worth it.