Policy Analysis

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Public Policy Formation and Analysis Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Introduction There is a variety of a policy tool or instruments available to governments. When the government uses taxes, its aim is to induce certain behaviour in the market rather than to it (Weimer & Vinning, p219). Traffic safety has been a pervasive issue for some time in Oman. Road traffic injury and mortality rates in the Sultanate of Oman have been among the highest in the world. This is according to the World Health Organisation. This alarming situation calls for action through concerted efforts of all stakeholders in the transport industry in Oman. This paper explores some policy instruments that can be used to address the road safety problem in Oman. These policy instruments will be discussed in three briefs. Brief 1: Using taxes to address traffic safety problems in Oman Taxes are a broad category of policy instruments that the government can use to intervene in the market. Of the different tax policies available to the Sultanate, commodity taxes and user fees can be used to address the road safety problem in Oman. Commodity taxes and user fees fall under the category of demand-side taxes. In this tax policy, car owners will be taxed through a number of ways. Fuel levies could be used or tax car owners. User fees may also be charged for driving on Oman roads. Research has shown that a majority of those who cause accidents on Oman roads are young people who have just attained the age of being adults. In order to discourage these young and inexperienced drivers from hitting the roads, the tax amount of tax charged on car owners should negatively correlate with the age of the car owner. Young people will be most affected by this policy. The primary aim of this policy is to reduce deaths and injuries on the roads by discouraging those people who

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