Police Powers in the Public Services P1 – describe the difference between arrest with and without a warrant M1 – explain the requirements of lawful arrest and detention D1 – evaluate the powers of arrest, detention and search There is a legal right that allows UK citizens to arrest another person. This law is given under Section 24 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act (PACE), 1984. In order to carry out a citizen’s arrest, there are certain rules that say when you can and cannot make an arrest. If you have suspicions that someone has committed a crime, these suspicions are not enough, no matter how strong they are. You could find yourself getting into trouble with the police if you carry out an arrest that is incorrect.
Law ELS: 1. Police Powers 2. Criminal Courts POLICE POWERS: Stop and Search Q. Describe the powers of the police to stop and search a person on the street. (18) The powers of the police to stop and search a person on the street are stated under S1 of the Police and Criminal Evidence Act 1984 which states that an officer can stop and search someone and their vehicle in a public place if they have reasonable grounds for suspecting that they are carrying a prohibited article such as a knife or drugs.
As far as follow up to investigations, when a crime is committed and there are loose ends on the investigation, they may have to do a follow up, and that is when the reactive comes into effect. The difference between a proactive and reactive is, instead of responding to a call, the officer is out on the streets acting on their own initiative to gather information about crimes in the area they patrol, and how to suppress it. An example of this is the officer, getting out there, and meeting people in the community, so that they build a rapport, and make the community members want to help solve crimes, and give information on people who are bad for the community. If the functions of a police agency are limited in communities, I believe there would be more crime and issues at hand. Just a handful of local police or community agencies are not equipped to handle certain issues.
He is very experienced in criminal law and is against mandatory sentencing. This journal presents information that the mandatory sentencing policy in the U.S. is a failure. It argues that Legislators thought that they could “get tough on crime,” especially drug crime. I feel this source gives educated reasons as to why drug policy needs to be changed. It also backs up my other sources with the same research results; by removing the sentencing discretion of judges, and replacing it with mandatory jail sentences, we are sending more offenders to prison instead of programs designed to rehabilitate.
Crime maybe controlled by fear of punishment 4. Punishment that is severe, certain, and swift will stop crime They believed in fast punishment instead of long trials. One of the major parts of criminal punishment reform was for fair and equal treatment of accused offenders. Judges could punish criminals however they wanted to no matter how severe the crime. Mr. Beccaria and other members of the Classical School fought for punishment to be set by legislative instead of judges having all of the authority for punishment.
Essay – Police gratuities Police gratuities raise the question whether it is an unethical practice by police. There is growing public concern in the community when police are offered and accepting police gratuities. Also whether or not police should say ‘no’ to gratuities as it can lead to more serious unethical decisions made by police. Police gratuities is when a gift, remuneration, benefit, allowance, fee subsidy, consideration, free service or entertainment is given from a company, organisation or person to a serving police officer, as a way of attracting police to the company for their presence of safety and protection. Police gratuities can also be as a comfortable gesture to police while on policing duties, such as a cup of tea at a victim’s house.
That could be the reason for the increase. Can we literally say that the increase in the number of prisoners means the increase of crime? Besides that, are we sure that it is a bad thing if we are capturing more and more criminals and putting them in jail? It seems to me an indication that the system is working, whereas Jacoby uses it to demonstrate that somehow it is not working. Jacoby also attempts to use statistics to support his
Sir Robert Peel has provided solutions to the abuse and mistreat of people, and evidence of society, his plan may not fixes all the crime problems but has contribute so much more prevention over the years especial with his nine principles. Peel argued that crime would go down by having crime prevention a part of the focus for social, Peel came up with nine principles that have made a better law enforcement and are a part of policing today. His first principle states basic reason for police force to prevent crime. Second principle police must secure the willing cooperation of the communities to obey laws in order and gain respect of the public. Third police must have the public’s approval to be effective.
You can also be searched without ‘reasonable grounds’ if it has been approved by a senior officer and this can happen if you’re suspected of being in a specific location or area and if you’re carrying a weapon or have used one. There are also requirements for a police officer before searching you. He/she must tell you their name and police station they are assigned to, what they are expecting to find on you and the reason why they want to search you, why they are allowed to search you and that you can have a record of the search. The police can search you in any place that is generally open to the public. This means they can search you anywhere other than your home and your garden, or the home or garden of someone who has given you permission to be there.
Police Agencies Roles and Functions University of Phoenix Police agencies have various functions that they perform. These functions include arresting criminals, interrogating individuals, patrolling neighborhoods, enforcing multiple laws set forth by the government, ministry of presence, and serving and protecting the community. Law enforcement in the United States is a complex establishment that is comprised of three levels; local, state, and federal agencies. Each level has their own jurisdiction and laws to uphold which means that the tasks performed at each level are different. If the responsibilities were limited in the community it would result in more chaos and more crime, and people would no longer seek police assistance.