Poetry Essay

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A. Participant Point of View The participant point of view is also called first-person point of view because the first person pronouns (I, me, my, we, us, our) are used to tell the story. The participant POV can be further divided into two types: + The narrator as a major character in the story (the story is told by the narrator and is chiefly about him). + The narrator as a minor character in the story (the narrator tells a story the focuses on someone other than herself, but she is still a character in the story). There are also three different types of narration within the major or minor character narration: Innocent-eye narrator -- The character telling the story may be a child or a developmentally disabled individual; the narrator is thus naive. The contrast between what the innocent-eye narrator perceives and what the reader understands may produce an ironic effect. Stream of consciousness (interior monologue) -- This is a narration in which the author tells the story through an unbroken flow of thought and awareness. The technique attempts to capture exactly what is going on in the mind of a character. Time change -- This involves telling the story while traveling through different times in a character’s life. (e.g.; Scout in To Kill a Mockingbird, or Marguerite in I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings) Purpose of Participant POV: The first-person POV offers immediacy. The reader sees what is perceived by the individual “I”. The first person narrator can approach other fictional characters as closely as one human being can approach another. The first-person narrator can be an eyewitness, observing what other characters say and do. The first-person narrator can summarize events and retreat from a scene to meditate on its significance. The first-person POV also allows the reader to be discerning; the reader must determine whether the

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