How does the decision in Plessy v Ferguson take away the freedoms and rights granted during Reconstruction?
During reconstruction the 13th and the 14th amendment were established to protect the rights of African Americans, in the Plessy v Ferguson case these rights were disregarded. Although the state law is within constitutional boundaries the state still imposed racial segregation. The blacks weren’t able to sit in the whites cart but the whites could sit in the blacks cart if they pleased therefore going against the 13th amendment. Also the consequences for the blacks were different for the consequences for the whites going against the 14th amendment. The statement “separate but equal” didn’t back up the fact that the case should’ve been ruled against Ferguson. In the 13th amendment it states that "Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime where of the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." Forcing Plessy off of the white’s only cart is making him evacuate involuntarily going against his rights. This was clearly not enough proof for the supreme court at the time to validate Plessy the rights he was given. Then again the Supreme Court didn’t see the actual use of any of the amendments. The 14th amendment asserts “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the state wherein they reside” African Americans were now entitled to be treated equally and have the same benefits and consequences as the whites. Going deeper into this amendment “No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States;” The fact that there was a law that enforced separation of citizens evidently goes