Plessy Vs. Ferguson

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Plessy vs. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896) Statement of Facts - The 13th Amendment to the United States Constitution was passed in 1865. This Amendment provided for the abolishment of slavery and involuntary servitude. The 14th Amendment was passed in 1868. Section I of this Amendment provided citizenship for all those born an naturalized in the United States of America. No state will have the power the case deny anyone of these rights. However, years before this in 1849 in the case Roberts vs. The City of Boston, Massachusetts established the constitutionally of “separate but equal.” This court found that “separate but equal” does not violate one’s violate civil rights. Although in 1855 Massachusetts passed a variety of laws undoing this decision, Southern states ran with this idea. In 1870, Tennessee creates a series of laws based on racial segregation which spreads throughout the South. In 1890, Louisiana passes the Separate Cars Act which separated train car passengers based on their race. Rodolphe Desdunes, a newspaper editor who challenged this law, sends his nephew, Homer Plessy, to test this law on the train. Plessy, who claims to be 7/8ths Caucasian and 1/8th African, boards a train and sits in the Caucasian train car. He was forcefully removed by police officers and imprisoned based on the provisions of this law. Procedural History - Homer Plessy was arrested and charged with violation of the Separate Cars Act. The ruling Judge John Ferguson found him guilty of such charges. Plessy appealed to the State Court of Louisiana (Ex Parte Plessy, 45 L.A. Ann. 80) where the court upheld the previous ruling. Afterwards, Plessy appealed to the United States Supreme Court. Course of Action - The 13th and 14th Amendments Issue or Question Presented - Does the Louisiana Separate Cars Act impose a badge of servitude on Plessy in

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