Plessy V. Ferguson of 1896

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In the historical court case of Plessy v. Ferguson of 1896, the U.S. Supreme Court decided that Louisiana’s segregation law mandating separate but equal accommodations for both black and whites on intrastate railroads was constitutional. This decision was the legal basis for other state and local governments to continue to legally separate blacks and whites socially until it was overturned by Brown v. Board of education in 1954. Homer Plessy, a shoemaker and native of New Orleans, who was recruited by the Citizens’ Committee of New Orleans to violate the Louisiana’s 1890 Separate Car law that segregated its passengers by race. In 1892, Mr. Plessy, whose skin color and physical features of a white male purchased a first class train ticket to ride in the “white-only” car, when the conductor asked him what was his race, he revealed that he was 7/8 white which meant he was considered a black man and was arrested when he refused to sit in the “black-only” car. Mr. Tourgee, attorney for Mr. Plessy, argued that his Thirteenth and Fourteenth Amendments had been violated. The decision was appealed to the Louisiana State Supreme court in 1893 and was appealed again in the U.S. Supreme Court in 1896. The Thirteenth Amendment officially abolished and continues to prohibit slavery unless you are incarcerated for a crime. The Equal Protection Clause under The Fourteenth Amendment which requires that all states are required to provide equal protection for all of its citizens under the law. Regardless of their race, cultural background, or socioeconomic status, it is my duty as a new teacher to ensure that all of my students receive a quality

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