In 300 A.D. most of the roman army were barbarian trained soldiers. This is why the battles with the enemies was so hard. Rome didn’t have complete control over the military and the situations. Romans got tired and irritated by the army not wanting to defend then that they hired citzens from unemployment. But they knew that they couldn’t rely on that army so the emperors raised all of the taxes because hiring the army was expensive.
He saw that many of Rome's troubles revolved around the decline of the free peasantry who were flocking into the cities. Therefore, he proposed a bill to give land to the idle mob and re-establish them on their own farms. The land he proposed using was public land owned by the state that, unfortunately, was controlled by rich and powerful senators who most likely would be reluctant to give it up. An ardent reformer like his brother, Gaius passed a law guaranteeing cheap grain for the urban poor. Later politicians would make that grain free at state expense.
This is demonstrated in documents 4, 5, and 6. Henry Haskell states that “The government undertook such far-reaching responsibility in affairs that the fiber of the citizens weakened” (Document 4) This shows that the decline of the empire was due to heavy taxation that couldn’t support the government. If the taxes couldn’t sustain the government then it wouldn’t be able to control the people. According to Montanelli “The military crisis was the result of… proud old aristocracy’s… shortage of children” (Document 5) This means that many children weren’t old enough to go into the military which caused the decrease of soldiers. With the lack of soldiers, it would be easier to invade Rome, which could’ve led to the decline of the Empire.
This made it difficult for Mazzini to obtain national unification as a majority of powerful and influential people in Italy were against his ideologies, this meant that the progress of national unification was very slow as a large amount of people opposed his views. On the other hand Mazzini’s ideologies gave him one advantage, this advantage being that the army and students were all working class, this meant that in Piedmont during their revolution Mazzini had a large amount of support which is why they were successful up until the Austrians intervened. The fact
The British could stay there because the United States didn't have an army because the government didn't have any money. Even though these outpost were in direct violation with the treaty of Paris the British kind of said what are you going to do about it and then just stayed. Because of the economic instability states began to go through a period of mass inflation and debt. Because of this the debt of individuals increased causing events like Shay's rebellion. In which a group of farmers led a armed assault on the national government and because there was no army so a local militia had to stop this rebellion.
Also, many experts say that it fell because of the lack of heart the people had to the Empire, the rise of Christianity, it was too immense to govern and protect, the decline of the economy and jobs, the army being made up of mostly foreigners, and outside invaders. Thus, one can say that the Empire collapsed more internally than externally. The first reason why the Western Roman Empire fell was because the people that lived in it had a lack of heart in the Empire. People didn’t believe the Empire was worth saving anymore. As Strayer, Gatzke, and Harbison state in their textbook The Course of Civilization states “The basic trouble was that very few inhabitants of the empire believed that the old civilization was worth saving… the overwhelming majority of the population had been systematically excluded from political responsibilities.
The conquests strengthened Rome with the providing of new warriors and slaves to help stabilize the economy and the losses he had from the wars. But they also weakend the empire because of the amount of land he aquired would be hard to keep up with the rest of the empire. That and many of the Gauls he had under him still did not look kindly upon Rome. A revolt was likely. And because the Gauls were such a warring country/providence, they continuosly fought with one another.
This was a serious problem because Romans laws were good and fair but political leader were not willing to enforce the laws. Also when the people were penalized the wealthy people could avoid the them but as to the poor people they could not avoid them; they would pay in prison terms. However the government leaders were struggling too. They were in Corrupt also. With the high taxes they were asking for no one was paying so no money was used to help the empire with extra
Civil War reduces the strength of the Roman Empire and made it vulnerable to the barbarian invaders because stalled expansion. What stalled expansion is they spent all their time fighting between themselves left less time for expansion, although it was accelerated as generals conquered foreign territory as shows of power.Gernals tightened roman defenses due to fear of inner raids, but this helped against outer attacks against enemies such as barbarians. Roman armies lost many soldier in wars which became difficult to replace overtime and this reduced the strength of the Roman Empire. Not only did stalled expansion play a part of the reduced strength of the roman empire such as it is today people in the roman armies and cities and governments had their opinion who the ruler should be and this caused civil war to break out in the roman empire and it caused the strength of the roman empire fall and made to vulnerable to outer attacks. The citizens of Rome became lazy and self-indulgent because.
WHY DID THE REVOLUTIONS OF 1848 -1849 IN ITALY FAIL? The failures of the 1848 - 1849 revolutions in Italy failed to achieve anything because Italy was divided and each of the revolutions had different aims. Italy was separated into separate states and they all wanted different things to happen, most of the states did not want a money to run them instead they wanted a republic. The desertion of the Pope in the revolution had most of the Catholic supporters of the revolution. None of the states in Italy agreed on anything about from one thing - getting Austria out of Lombardy and Venetia.