Please Describe Common Law, Civil Law, Religious Law and Bureaucratic Law.

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Common law Common law is the foundation of the legal systems in the United Kingdom and its former colonies, including the United States, Canada, Australia, India, New Zealand, Barbados, Saint Kitts and Nevis, and Malaysia. Common law is law based on the cumulative wisdom of judges’ decisions on individual cases through history. These cases create legal precedents, which other judges use to decide similar cases. Because common law is based on the cumulative effect of judicial decisions over centuries, it has evolved differently in each common law country. Thus laws affecting business practices vary somewhat among these countries, creating potential problems for the uniformed international businessperson. For example, manufactures of defective products are more vulnerable to lawsuits in the United States than in the United Kingdom as a result of evolutionary differences in the two countries’ case law. In addition to evolutionary differences in case law, statutory law – those enacted by legislative action – also vary among the common law countries. For example, many business transactions between firms and the British government are shielded from public scrutiny – and the prying eyes of competitors – by that country’s Official Secrets Act. In contrast, more information about transactions between firms and the U.S. federal government is publicly available because of that country’s Freedom of Information Act. Even the administration of the law may vary. For example, in the United States the plaintiff and the defendant in a lawsuit generally pay their cases in order to avoid expensive litigation. In the United Kingdom, rite losers in trials pay the legal expenses of both parties. Thus the British have less incentive to file frivolous lawsuits. By lowering the amount and overall cost of litigation, the British system reduces the legal costs of firms operating in the

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