Plato's Republic Essay

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4/15/09 Philosophy 270 (Plato’s Republic) Mr. H. Burstein Discuss fully the nature of Justice in the State and the individual. What is the precise nature of the relation of the two and what are the moral implications of that relation? The Republic of Plato is an astonishing work of philosophy which draws its readers into the abstract world of justice, reason, and ultimate truth. Inspired by the trial and death of Socrates, Plato finds himself eventually refusing the life of a politician, and ventures into a quest of discovering how the moral life of Athens may be restored through a new foundation. The answer to this question is revealed through The Republic and we are exposed to a contemplation of sound philosophical discussion and political theory. One of the main themes in The Republic is the concept of Justice. In the dialogue, Socrates successfully refutes Polemarchus’ and Thrasymachus’ definitions of justice as being mere advantages to the powerful and selfish, and is therefore asked to come forth with his own complete and coherent definition of justice. Socrates begins by inquiring what justice means in the state coinciding with political theories, and then proceeds to look for the meaning of justice in the individual soul. Through a comprehensive and complete analysis of Socrates’ argument, and through reference of historical context, the philosophical and moral implications on the nature of justice in the state and the individual will be realized. The Republic presents us with one of the greatest works created by Plato and a complete insight into to the realm of justice and reason Before Socrates begins his structure of the ideal state, he makes very clear that justice is not some material aspect is one’s life that will guarantee any sort of wealth or power. Justice, according to Socrates, guarantees happiness to

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