Plato's Political Theory Essay

1084 Words5 Pages
Research of the Political Thinker Plato Plato was born around the year 428 BCE into an established Athenian household with a rich history of political connections -- including distant relations to both Solon and Pisistratus. Plato's parents were Ariston and Perictone, his older brothers were Adeimantus and Glaucon, and his younger sister was Potone. In keeping with his family heritage, Plato was destined for the political life. But the Peloponnesian War, which began a couple of years before he was born and continued until well after he was twenty, led to the decline of the Athenian Empire. A rabid conservative religious movement that led to the execution of Plato’s mentor, Socrates, followed the war. Together these events forever altered the course of Plato's life. Plato was a Classical Greek philosopher, mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. Along with his mentor, Socrates, and his student, Aristotle, Plato helped to lay the foundations of Western philosophy and science. Even with much research, it would still be almost impossible to determine what led Plato’s to create a new chain of beliefs, which involved metaphysics, epistemology, ethics and politics into a single rule. But it is definite that the establishment of a Spartan government in Athens, after Peloponnesian War in 404, and the aftermath of the war, drastically altered the way of his thinking. Following the turmoil of the war, a short eight-month oligarchical tyranny known as the Thirty Tyrants governed Athens. Two of Plato's relatives, Critias (his mother's uncle) and Charmides (his mother's brother) played roles in this regime. Who influenced Plato? Although Plato is recognized as a greatly influential man, he still was still influenced by someone, as everyone is.

More about Plato's Political Theory Essay

Open Document