Plato Vs. Aristotle Essay

1657 WordsApr 23, 20117 Pages
In the era preceding science and all of its shades of certainty, great thinkers provided ingenious solutions to inquiries that remained unprovable for centuries after their death. Without the aid of a microscope, Democritus predicted the composition of matter. Without the aid of a telescope, Copernicus predicted the movement of the planets. Notwithstanding their degrees of miscalculation, both men are noted for their scientific and philosophical contributions. As with chemistry and astronomy, all disciplines find their roots in the philosophical. Some disciplines, such as economics and psychology, maintain a quasi-scientific approach, shifting from the hypothetical to the empirical, others will remain entirely philosophical for the foreseeable future, such as theology. Likewise, modern political studies have sought to transform philosophical considerations into concrete data. Such development is reflected in international political databases such as the Democracy Index presented by Freedom House and the Universal Human Rights Index presented by the United Nations Human Rights Council. Two inherent complexity present themselves in this transformation, the continuance of political philosophy in an era marked by scientific deduction and observation, and the difficulty political scientists face in gauging the accuracy of which a philosopher has predicted human behavior. In Concepts and Categories, Isaiah Berlin distinguishes between two branches of scientific study, formal science and empirical science. Formal science is heralded by methods of deduction, with proofs derived from calculations reasoned from axioms or accepted rules of the discipline. Formal sciences offer a view of the world exclusively accessible through the acceptance of the axioms and rules presented within the discipline, as exemplified in the fields of pure mathematics, logic, and game

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