Plato being rationalist theories reason has precedence over other ways of acquiring knowledge. Therefore he relied on the ability to reason in his attempt to explain the world. He produced his ideal world based on reason since such a world lies beyond the realm of the five senses. Plato ignored his senses because he believed his senses only revealed the imperfect forms of the ordinary world. He also believes people possess immortal souls that existing before birth and continuing after death.
Explain Aristotle’s theory of causation Aristotle introduced his theory of causation as a way of looking at the cause, effect and telos of the object in order to obtain reasoning for its purpose. Aristotle’s four causes are each a different way of explaining why a thing is as it is; he believed that we only obtain knowledge of something when we know its cause; For any given object, Aristotle saw a distinction that in order to find essence it is within the object itself. Plato on the other hand believed that essence did not remain in the object but in an eternal world of concepts or forms – the intelligible realm. This eternal world is more real than the world we experience through the senses, and it is the object of knowledge, not opinion. Plato believed that the soul was separate to the body and could access the forms to gain true knowledge.
Next, I will explain Lewis’s reply about why Knowledge Argument can’t refute physicalism. Finally, I will express my own opinion and show my reasons. Frank Jackson puts knowledge Argument forward. Although he thinks that physical knowledge provides us with some information relate to the world, and help people to understand the world in an objective way. However, in the process of experience, human cannot feel the “feeling” using the concepts of that “feeling”, which is named Qualia.
The soul is something that humans cannot begin to attempt to fully describe. The best hope expand the mind to gain a greater perspective of what the nature of the soul is, but everything we can learn about it is limited by a Human’s ability to learn based off of what he experiences in the world. Since the soul is of a
Explain, with examples, Plato’s theory of the Forms Plato’s theory of the form is based on the idea that there is another world that contains universals such as ‘Good’. He believed our innate knowledge of forms such as ‘Justice’ comes from within our souls and show themselves in our physical world as particulars. We can also identify Forms in everyday objects such as similarity and equality. In this essay I will explain his ideas in more detail: When Plato refers to a Form, he doesn’t mean the word ‘Form’ in the sense of an outline e.g. a mannequin.
The form is everlasting therefore meaning it is in a different reality. So to Plato we gain true objective knowledge through a priori because our senses disguising the truth. To Plato the realm of the forms is more important than the realm of appearances because the forms have an unchanging nature which makes them in many ways more real. The things we see in our world are only shadows of the forms, meaning we don’t see the whole object/truth but only an outline. An example of this is the concept of beauty.
In fact, Rorty believes that it is literature and not philosophy that can do this. Literature can do this by promoting a genuine sense of human solidarity. In this book, he also takes different ideas from modern world and compares them to the ideas of physical world. He explains how human beliefs make traditions and cultures. In the first chapter, he compares the idea of how truth exists in our world and how it exists in reality.
but our souls ascend to where they come from i.e. what Plato called the “Realm of Being”. In this other realm, reside “Forms” or “ideas”. They are unchanging concepts and Plato believed that all physical objects, that is objects in the world we perceive to be reality (the Realm of Becoming), derive their essence from a perfect, eternal form found in the “Realm of Being”. For example; the vast majority of humanity recognise what a horse is, despite no two horses being the same – Plato thought this was because our souls spent time in the other realm where Forms are present and the form of a “perfect” horse, was there.
Representing knowledge, the light is too brilliant for him to see and comprhend. He must be re-educated. “First he will see the shadows best, next the reflections of the men and other objects… then the objects themselves…” (“AC” in Jacobus 317). He learns that the reflections are truer than shadows and the objects truer than reflections. He must deal with a new reality that does not exist within the cave.
Both Mr. Kumars and Ultima teaches them not be restricted to viewing the world in one way, but to see it from many different perspectives. It is important to both Pi and Antonio to not blindly believe in only one authority. “In my experience, a castaway's worst mistake is to hope too much and do too little” (Martel 168). If Pi decided to wait for the rescue boat to miraculously appear and not focus on the realistic problem, he would not have survived. On the other hand, if he haven’t met the religions, the fear might drive him insane.