Plato and Aristotle
What is truth? What is real? And who do we agree with? These are questions that possibly seem to be running in people’s minds. Plato was a philosopher and Aristotle was his student. Although he was a student of Plato’s, they both had different views on things in the world like the theory of form and the theory of knowledge. Forms are shapes and structures of objects and knowledge is the knowing of information through learning and experience. In this essay, you will see the different views that each philosopher had.
Plato’s theory of forms claims that the world that we live in is not real and what we encounter is by sensory experience by hearing, smelling, seeing, touching, and tasting things but mostly hearing and seeing. He believes that there is far more a world beyond us that we have not experienced or seen. Two realms; reality, which we have not seen and the other is what we see which to Plato, is to be not real. Forms are unchanging and eternal however, there are some forms that we cannot directly encounter in the physical world. Meaning, forms such as beauty as an example; you cannot touch (encounter) physically but you can see it. That is why it has been said to be that that the theory of form was ideas and concepts. I would agree to a certain extent but it is still considered form. What you encounter in the physical world is always some object and objects possess beauty. Circularity possess circular, loud possess loudness, and beauty possess beautiful.
Aristotle thought the world consist of all one single reality and no other. Also that forms are not with everything but with particular things. He believed that it can only exist as a whole and that Plato’s two realms are metaphorical and meaningless. His views on forms are to be universals which are something that more than one individual can be. For instance, I could be a philosopher and so could another, not just one individual. Many different things can be universal. Many things...