Plato Essay

1277 WordsFeb 2, 20106 Pages
Many people believe in a soul, yet cannot define what it is. We are taught to have a body because it is a physical thing we can determine with our senses. Yet the soul is a much more complex concept than that. It has been a mystery within philosophers for years, as it cannot be seen or scientifically measured. Many speculations came up on the essence of living. It is a dilemma of where our basic instincts and motivation for living rise within us. Soul is the ultimate internal concept that dictates human way of living. The notion of the soul is important to understand to dictate future life. The soul serves individuals as motive to leading lives in order to spread knowledge. Plato`s view of the soul is a plausible way to think about human nature. The soul is the one responsible to feelings and consciousness. His theory of the soul is thought provoking that has influence many minds in western civilization. Through his famous texts Meno along with Phaedo and dialogue Phaedrus, Plato proves the existence of the soul and describes it as an immortal enigma that is designed to recollect previous knowledge. In Phaedo, Plato concludes through Socrates words that the soul must be deathless, or immortal, since life belongs to soul (Plato, 360BCE). Plato presents this theory through four different arguments: the argument from opposites, the theory of recollection, the argument from affinity and the final argument, which is considered Plato’s most unobjectionable claim. The argument of opposites Plato compares life and death. He generates that life is generated from death and death was generated from life. He is referring to soul as “beyond”. He states "the souls of the dead must be in some place out of which they come again``. (Plato, 360BCE) In his theory of recollection he proceeds to acknowledge the information we know from before a human is born: "If these absolute ideas

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