However, there are ways which knowledge are not related to culture at all. There are many areas of knowing which requires culture as one of the basis. For example, social studies. History in specific, is a topic area which is based completely on culture because it basically studies the culture of a specific group, it even requires us to reflect or have our own opinion, and these opinions usually derives from our cultural experiences, hence showing how culture plays an important role in affecting out thoughts and knowledge. Human science is also an area which is culture-dependent, for example, psychology, the emotions and behavior of the human is sometimes dependent on culture.
Identity is essentially a set a characteristics and traits that are attributed to one specific person. Identities are specific and unique for each person. Because identity is different from one person to the next, there is the chance that the society a person exists in will not be fully accepting. Latterell states “the social and cultural forces that help shape our sense of identity are not neutral. Instead, they operate like a powerful lens through which we make judgments about ourselves and others” (10).
1. What is Culture? Ans: Culture: Culture is the characteristics of a particular group of people, defined by everything from language, religion, cuisine, social habits, music and arts. Culture refers to the cumulative deposit of knowledge, experience, beliefs, values, attitudes, meanings, hierarchies, religion, notions of time, roles, spatial relations, concepts of the universe, and material objects and possessions acquired by a group of people in the course of generations through individual and group striving. A culture is a way of life of a group of people--the behaviors, beliefs, values, and symbols that they accept, generally without thinking about them, and that are passed along by communication and imitation from one generation to the next.
Depending on gender, we may communicate differently. However, culture can play a big role in interpersonal communication as well. According to (Sole, 2011), “People are often unaware of how culture influences their behavior and their communication, but it pervades almost every aspect of the lives of people in a society.” The way we talk reflects our culture. Culture depends on accent, morals, values, and manners. Many cultures address differently due to manners learned.
Every country, city, and land has its own tradition and culture that is entirely different from each other. In different countries people have different understanding of what is acceptable in a conversation. We encourage the use of strong handshaking, eye-contact and respect of other people. These norms are not the same in every country. A person’s nationality can affect the way he communicates with other people and how they interpret the other person’s body language.
Every country or every people have their own culture, culture can be a sign for people. National culture is the set of norms, behaviors, beliefs and customs that exist within the population of a sovereign nation. If a company or an organisation wants to expand their business to the other country, first they need to observe and understand the host country’s culture so that there won’t be any misunderstanding or false communication during the conference. Hosftede (2014) says:”cultural dimensions are only a framework to help assess a given culture and thus better guide decision making” and he came out with 6 kinds of culture dimensions. They are power distance, Individualism vs. Collectivism, Uncertainty Avoidance, Masculinity vs. Femininity,
One of the reasons that makes him think that the word ‘culture’ is so difficult to be understood and analysed is partly because of the fact that the word itself has developed during different stages of human history as well as in several different languages. The word ‘culture’ derives from the Latin word ‘cultura’, which originates from the word ‘Colera’, which means: inhabit, cultivate, protect, honor with worship. Nowadays the word ‘culture’ has several different meanings. In one of them it refers either generally or specifically to a particular way of life, whether of a period, a group of people or humanity in general. It also may describes the works and practices of intellectual and especially artistic activity like music, theatre, playing and sculpture, literature and film.
Structural functionalism is a theory that is used to describe a society that functions on a few key assumptions. First, society is constructed by interdependent system of parts. Second, no part can be understood individually, that is to say that the system as a whole cannot be understood if one part is missing. Third, social order between individuals and organizations of society has to share norms and values in order for society to function properly. Fourth, social change does not occur rapidly, instead it is a regulated process which ensures that citizens and organizations adapt to social change properly.
I will analyze all of these aspects and make a cultural case study. Like all abstract concepts, politeness is difficult to define, as it is perceived differently from culture to culture; but one thing that was well established is that there are two types of politeness. “First-order politeness is thus intuitively a mixture of politeness as a lay concept, of which speakers are consciously aware, and politeness-in-action, which is implicit only in discursive practices, and thus at times people are not necessarily consciously aware of it” (Eelen, 2001; Ehlich, 1992). “Second-order politeness, on the other hand, is a theoretical construct, a term within a theory of social behavior and
The majority of Americans tend to abandon their cultural beliefs, practices and values brought up through generations, in order to adjust and feel more comfortable among the American society. Each different culture is structured with several characteristics which make it unique and special in its own way. To understand the significance of various cultures, one must analyze the principals which help build it, such as values, norm, symbols, language and knowledge. Values are the basis of subjective standard that correlate how we live and interact with others. Norm would be identified as ones natural instincts or habits which help him/her get through the day.