Piagets Theory of Cognitive Development

584 Words3 Pages
Piaget’s Theory of cognitive development is defined as the way a child’s mental activities and capabilities evolve through childhood to adolescents. They gain a sense of mental activities when they begin to think logically about the experiments they conduct to adapt to their environment. This theory has four stages, and they are; sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational, and formal operational. The sensorimotor stage is defined at the time when a child is not capable of making schemas for things that are not in front of them. Children adapt to the world around them by using their five senses and basic motor skills. There are four developmental tasks in this stage, and they are; Symbolic thought, out of sight-out of mind, goal directed behavior and object permanence. Symbolic thought is defined at the way a child labels what they see in everyday life, also known as forming schemas. A child that is still developing cannot think about the imagined or envisioned entity. For instance, Jaziia, who is two years old, read a book with her mom, Sally, about horses which actively created a schema bout horses in her mind. Sally took Jaziia to the zoo so she could observe what a real horse look liked and not call all four legged animals a dog anymore. The preoperational stage is defined as the time when children can represent objects mentally and form schemas before knowing what they are. They are now able to tie their experiments together and test waters. The developmental tasks are preoperational egocentrism, irreversibility and lack of conservation. Preoperational egocentrism is defined as a child’s inability to see the things from someone else’s perspective. They cannot see anyone else’s perspective because theirs is the only way possible. For instance, four year old Dimey ran to her mom, Billy, when her sister, Chewy who is two, picked up her toy doll and
Open Document