It demonstrates the effect that discipline and parenting styles can have on a child. Social Learning Theory recognises children as being more engaged in their leaning and stresses the importance of role models, stating that children can learn by simply observing others. Constructivism somewhat downplays the role of social experiences in favour of biological influences and suggests that children are independent agents of their own learning, not overly influenced by parents and teachers. Finally, Social Constructivism argues that the key to learning and development lies in the social interaction with peer groups, rather than merely observing others. Behaviourists believe that the environment in which a
Piaget’s theory of learning is sometimes referred to as a constructivist approach because he suggested that children constructed or built their thoughts according to their experiences of the world around them. Piaget used the term ‘schema’ to refer to a child’s conclusions or thoughts. He felt that learning was an ongoing process, with children needing to adapt. Piaget’s belief that children develop schemas based on their direct experiences can help us to understand why young children’s thinking is sometimes different from ours. Piaget also suggested that, as children develop so does their thinking.
Considering the work of key pioneers and current experts with links to child development theory. There are many theories about how children learn and develop. This area of study is called developmental psychology which covers subjects such as cognitive, language and emotional development. The research methods are based heavily on the on going assessments carried out by observing children over a period of time. Assessment is part of the process of understanding what children know, understand and can do so that future teaching steps can be appropriately planned.
Cognition encompasses perception, imagination, judgment, memory, and language - the processes people use to think, decide, and learn. Education - not only the formal curriculum in schools but also informal learning - is part of this domain as well." (Berger, pg.12) Piaget considers adaptation the "essence of intelligence". (Berger, pg. 165) Learning is an active process which leads to the creation of schemas.
The important influence of behaviors on learning can be studied by the behavior that occurs after learning has been initiated or stored. Behavior and learning are codependent on each other. Behavior is observable, and this makes the process of learning more easily observable as well. The two types of behavioral learning have aided in understanding the concepts involved in improved learning through conditioning. These new realizations have been converted into the classrooms to better educate students.
CYP Core 3.1 unit 2.3 Explain how theories of development and frameworks to support development influence current practice. Theories of development are very important as they influence current practice and help us to understand why children behave and react the way that they do. It can also help us to figure out different and new ways of learning. The theories of development are: * Cognitive ( e.g. Paiget) * Psychoanalytic (e.g.
The major areas of development include biological, cognitive and social and emotional development. Both of these psychologists were concerned with the study of understanding the area of cognitive development specifically in children and were considered to be constructivists. Constructivism is the theory in which “learners actively construct their own knowledge based upon the things they know now and have known in the past” (TFL resources, 2006). This essay will seek to compare and contrast the theories of psychologists Piaget and Vygotsky and will critically look at their theories to judge which aspects are appropriate for the long term. Jean Piaget focused his research on studying children and observing their thought processes.
His ‘cognitive developmental theory’ suggests 4 major areas of development (sensorimeter, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational). Piaget’s theories allow us to take the ideas of ‘schema’ into practice and use it to effectively plan for the development of a child. using these schemas we can assess where and how a child is currently learning and plan activities and observations to help them develop to the next stage. Piaget was the most influential theorist of the 70s and 80s; he dominated the study of child development. • Albert Bandura (social learning): - Claimed that humans are cognitive beings (concerned with acquiring knowledge).
The principles of neobehaviorism are learning by observing, and that learning may occur through observation alone without a change in behavior (Lieberman, 2012). Neobehaviorism was developed from the works of Edward C. Tolman and Clark Hull amendment of the S-R theory (Lieberman, 2012). Their views was that behavior cannot be explained only in the terms of observable stimulus and reactions. Due to the disagreement by behaviorists not being able to agree on which theory was correct the learning system developed two systems that are still in use today, associative and cognitive (Lieberman, 2012). People learn through pursuing signs to a certain goal, and learning is acquired by meaningful behavior.
The following essay is going to assess theories in regards to creativity, active learning, play and children learning and development, these theories will include…. These will also be critically analysed looking at competing perspectives of theories. The importance of creativity and critical thinking will be analysed and the impact it has on children’s learning and development holistically within the setting- ( add more info) The capability to resource and create an appropriate environment that will stimulate and interest young children’s learning and development will be demonstrated through discussion of how the setting achieves goals of supporting each individual child. To support the discussion photographic evidence will be provided within appendices A. Also