Piaget & Vygotsky

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Piaget and Vygotsky Jean Piaget is one individual who has influenced the contemporary field of child development more than others. He viewed and did not believe that children’s learning depends on reinforcers such as rewards from adults, he showed that he believed through his cognitive-developmental theory that children actively construct knowledge as they manipulate and explore the their world. Another famous psychologist is Lev Vygotsky. His theory was the sociocultural theory which focuses on how culture the values, beliefs, customs, and skills of a social group is transmitted to the next generation. They both agreed that children’s cognitive development took places in stages, but however were distinguished by the different styles of thinking. Piaget was the first to reveal that children reason and think differently at different periods in their lives. He believed that all children progress through four different four different stages. These four stages are sensorimotor, preoperational, concrete operational and formal operational. The first stage of his cognitive development is the sensorimotor stage this happens between birth and two years old. In this stage he said that infants “think” by acting on the world with their eyes, ears, hands, and mouth. As a result they invent ways of solving sensorimotor problems such as pulling a lever to hear the sound of a music box, finding hidden toys, and putting objects in and taking them out of containers. The next stage in his developmental theory is preoperational which happens between two and seven years of age. In this stage Piaget said that preschool children use symbols to represent their earlier sensorimotor discoveries. Development of language and make-believe place takes place. However thinking lacks the logic of the two remaining stages. The third stage is the concrete operational which happens between seven
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