Physical Development in Children and Young Adults Essay

1578 WordsMar 18, 20157 Pages
Unit 166.1,1 Think about the words physical development. They encompass so many different tasks and abilities. The term motor development refers to physical growth, or growth in the ability of children to use their bodies and physical skills. Motor development often has been defined as the process by which a child acquires movement patterns and skills. Genetics, size at birth, body build, nutrition and culture can all influence motor and physical development. Physical development provides children with the abilities they need to explore and interact with the world around them. A young child's physical growth first begins as muscles gain strength and children gradually develop coordination. The development of muscular control is the first step in this process. The different areas include movement: gross or large movement of limbs and fine manipulative movement of the fingers. Physical development depends on the growth of the body and nervous systems so that messages from the brain can be carried to the muscles to stimulate them to move. The development changes occur in a human being between birth and the end of adolescence. It is a continuous process, has a predictable sequence yet having a unique course for every child. It does not progress at the same rate and each stage is affected by the preceding types of development, because these developmental changes may be strongly influenced by genetic factors and events during prenatal life and genetics. There are various definitions in a child’s development, since each period is a continuum with individual differences regarding start and ending. Healthy and happy children are more eager to learn and develop, this can be achieved by keeping the children active, exercise. Diet is important with protein for growth, calcium and vitamin D for strong bones, and a healthy weight. Interaction with others whilst taking part
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