CYP 3.1 [1 1.1] Explain the sequence and rate of aspect of development from birth to the age of 19 years. Age | Area of development | Observation | 0 – 2 yrs | Physical | At a young age, babies will have the ability to ‘suckle’ and ‘grasp’, with the ability to hold their heads after a few months. Will be able to turn their heads towards sounds.In the first 12 months of development, most babies will be able to ‘sit up’ without support and will quickly develop the ability to crawl and roll.By the first year, fine motor skills will have been developed, such as holding/grasping small items and exploring items with the index finger. Between the ages of 1 and 2, children will be able to pull themselves up from a seated position.By the age of two/three, children will be able to stand and walk confidently and at the later age of three, be able to walk and run safely. | | Communication | From birth, babies will be able show a sign of communication by ‘crying’ and even ‘smiling’.
TDA 2.01 Child and young person development. 1.1 Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include: * Physical development * Communication and intellectual development * Social, emotional and behavioural development The stages of a child’s development can be measured through examining how social, emotional, physical , intellectual and language skills change in milestones throughout their growth. Physical Development At the earliest stages of a child’s development their gross motor skills begin to develop. This is where a baby learns to move and use its arms, legs and feet. This will involve crawling, jumping, and attempting to pick up objects.
Unit 075 1] Explain the pattern of development in the first three years of life and the skills typically acquired at each stage. Age | Pattern of Development | Skills Acquired | Birth | Swallowing and sucking reflexes (these ensure that the baby can feed and swallow milk). Rooting Reflex- The baby will move its head to look for a nipple or teat if its cheek or mouth is touched. (This helps the baby to find milk). Grasp Reflex- Babies will automatically put their fingers around an object that has touched the palm of their hand.
The baby can wave his or her arms and bring his or her hands together over the body. Fine motor skills: In the first month baby is fascinated by human faces and gazes attentively at carer’s face when fed or held. The baby’s hands are usually tightly closed. From four to eight weeks the baby turns his or her head towards the light and stares at bright or shiny objects. The baby will use his or her hand to grasp the carer’s finger.
Babies at one year need as much as the same as they do at nine months, although you will find they are able to stand on their own whilst holding onto furniture and will start to interact with a little more understanding, such as waving good bye. At eighteen months a child will have more understandable vocabulary and less babbling and you will see they are more determined to do things by themselves. This means they need good adult supervision as they play. As they are more mobile it is important that safety equipment is in place such as reins harnesses and safety gates. You may observe children of two years running and climbing and they
Physical Devolpment 0-3 years This is a stage where devolpemnt happens very quickly. With babies not having much control over their bodies when they are first born, to learning to have more control over there bodies. When they are first born babies movements depend on a series of reflexes. These include sucking and grasping which are vital things they would need to survive. Over the first 12 months they will learn more to control their bodies and by 12 months most babies should have devolped to the point where they should be able to crawl or roll.
Between 7 and 9 a child’s writing will become neater and they will read easier. Their physical ability will improve and they will become more accurate, confident and quicker. 9-11 years old will show greater coordination and speed. By now they will not only be able to read, write and draw but to use logic also.
These are the stages of development that has been broken down in age categories and aspect that was mentioned in the previous sentence. Language development Language development usually begins as they turn 3 months old as they learn to use their voice and vocal play, they will also watch mouths and faces and try to copy the sound and movements. Birth-6 months * Babies begin to cry when hungry, tied or distressed * Babies coo when content * Babies smile back when they see a smiling face 6-12 months * Start to enjoy making new and different sounds and will be able to display their feelings in laughing/crying/squealing * Body language develops such as arms up to be lifted 12-24 months * Speech begins to develop and start to respond and understand more words when listening * Starts to copy sound such as simple names * Simple commands are understood even though their understanding their vocabulary can consist up to 150 words and can start to use single words such as ‘mum, dad, more, ta’ and then move in to two worded sentences such ‘more food’ * And they develop to being 18-24
Age Physical Cognitive Communication Social, Emotional &Behaviour Moral Birth Born with reflexes i.e. sucking and swallowing. A baby will move its head to find food whether it is a nipple or teat When touch their palms they will wrap their tiny fingers around your. They are able to lift their arms and clinch their fits. May also take small steps when feet touches the floor Baby’s know there mother’s voice and smell Babies will let you know when there are hungry, tired or in pain by crying Likes to have close contact whilst feeding with their parents or carer N/A 1 Month Beginning to settle down and is still sleep a lot but when awake will be a wake longer.
The next stage is Anal Stage which begins from the age one to three years old primary focuses on the libido in which the child learns how to control their bladder and bodily fluids. Success at this stage is dependent because once children start toilet training. Freud suggested that when parent should reward a child when using toilet and not punish child when they have an accident. Phallic Stage comes after this when the child is three to six years of age. This stage is when the primary goes from the libido area to the genitals.