Phonics and Phonemic Awareness

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LaTonya Rule September 15, 2012 EED470 Professor Oros Phonics and Phonemic Awareness Chart Defining Five Elements of Reading: Phonemic Awareness | The knowledge and manipulation of sounds in spoken words. | Phonics | The relationship between written and spoken letters and sounds. | Reading Fluency | The ability to read with accuracy and with appropriate rate, expression, and phrasing. | Vocabulary Development | The knowledge of words, their definitions, and context. | Reading Comprehension | The understanding of meaning in text: * Scientifically based research * Classroom- based screening, and instructional and diagnostic reading assessments * Should provide ongoing, high-quality professional development focused on essential elements of reading. | In this essay I want you to understand what is phonics and phonemic awareness. Even though there may be many techniques, both of these have an importance in learning to read. Even when working with ELLs, special needs, and gifted students there are strategies that can help them be successful. Phonemic awareness is not phonics. Phonemic awareness is an understanding about spoken language. Children who are phonemically aware can tell the teacher that bat is the word the teacher is representing by saying the three separate sounds in the word. They can tell you all the sounds in the spoken word dog. They can tell you that, if you take the last sound off cart you would have car. Phonics on the other hand, knows the relation between specific, printed letters (including combinations of letters) and specific, spoken sounds. You are asking children to show their phonics knowledge when you ask them which letter make the first sound in bat or dog or the last sound in car or cart. The phonemic awareness tasks that have predicted

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