Phobias And Addictions Essay

1610 WordsNov 4, 20117 Pages
Phobias and Addictions Kayla Hollenbeck PSY/300 October 31, 2011 Phobias and Addictions In some cases people are naturally by circumstances and normal environmental happenings to have certain types of reactions to what is going on around them. In cases in which a child has witnessed some type of abuse, a door is slammed can have a later effect of a fear-based conditioned response to a door being shut loudly. In other cases it may be a scenario where a parent unconsciously rewards a child with food as a positive reinforcement tool in parenting and later the child develops a dependency on food to help him or her fulfill some type of need. Either way, conditioning occurs all-around people and in the environment naturally. Two types of conditioning are popular, classical conditioning and operant conditioning. With these two identifiable ways to look at how people develop phobias and in some cases help shape already innate addictions or alcoholism a clear picture of what identifies a response can be accomplished. People react to situations in their lives without even realizing that this is why they are behaving as they do. Classical and Operant Conditioning Classical and Operant conditioning are two ways in which the brain associates and learns different things. These two ways of learning are both contingent on the changes that occur in behavior either based on the environment or the behavior itself. These two approaches to learning require a methodical method and testing. Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning was founded by Ivan Pavlov. In his research he founded five identifying key terms in the approach of classical conditioning. Originally Pavlov focused on the unconditioned reflex, or the instinctive behavior and associating that with the unconditioned stimulus, the thing that brought about the unconditioned reflex.

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