Philosophy Plato vs Anthony Flew

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Plato’s Dualism is made up of two different realms of Existence. The physical world is constantly changing. The world of the Forms is unchanging. Reality is split between world of the senses and the world of the forms. Plato believed that these two different realms of existence or reality could be further divided into the world of forms. The world of forms include the higher form, which is where we find the ethical form, the lower form is mathematical. The third form comes from the world of sense. Physical objects which are the ordinary objects we perceive and lastly images, such as shadows, reflections and pictures. An interesting development of Plato’s dualism is the idea that there are different degrees of reality. In the physical world physical objects are more real than say images of physical objects such as shadows. Another important aspect is the dependency factor. The shadows depend for their existence on physical objects. The lower Forms depend for their existence on the higher Forms. Plato believed that the physical world around us is not real; it is constantly changing and thus you can never say what it really is. There is a world of ideas, which is a world of unchanging and absolute truth. This is reality for Plato. Does such a world exist independent of human minds? Plato thought it did, and whenever we grasp an idea, or see something with our mind's eye, we are using our mind to conceive of something in the ideal world. There are a number of proofs of this ideal world. We can conceive of a morally perfect person, even though the people we know around us are not morally perfect. So where does someone get this idea of moral perfection? Since it could not have been obtained from the world around us, it must have come from an ideal world Dualism is the philosophy that there are two kinds of reality: material and immaterial. There is a physical world as
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