Philosophy Of Greek Religion Essay

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During the time of Plato in Ancient Greece, religion was irrationally theorized to account for acts of nature that were unexplained. The myth of Zeus’s lightening bolts and the necessity to please the gods with offerings, may relate to our human nature. It is our human nature to question. Plato considered the bringing of our existence, nature of our reality, and the notion of the soul. As humans we also seek answers; however the common principle that undermines all religion is the human instinct to seek and poses the ability to influence our fortune in this world and the next. It is the reason the Ancient Greeks built temples and made offerings to their gods. Human nature causes us to look to something greater, to question our spiritual placement and seek purpose. Plato is trying to articulate an understanding of the good life and its relation to the philosophical life. At certain points Plato accepts but also criticizes the traditions of festivals, sacrifices, oracles, and so on. At other times Plato adopts the alternative modes but modifies it significantly. The model is ecstatic, and involves a transformation, where the soul steps out of its physical environment. The soul then becomes as divine as it can be. This process is accomplished by emotional excitement, induced my music, dance, and other means. Plato accepts the ecstatic model that states humans can, by bringing their souls to a certain state, achieve divine or nearly divine status. But he replaces the ritual process with cognitive content. This is showing that Plato adopts and adapts features of Greek piety, and simply rejects others. Plato fixes the content of what the philosopher must grasp. “That the soul is immortal and controls the material world and that reason is the supreme power among the heavenly bodies”. Plato says there are appropriate ways in which to orient your attention

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