Bentham divided the consequences into 7 sections, these included how many people would be affected by the actions to how much those people would be affected by the actions and in what way. An obvious weakness of utilitarianism is that as it focuses on the greatest happiness for the greater number this could people could twist it to their advantage to do something classically unmoral for what they believe is for the ‘greater good.’ A classic example of this would be the Nazi’s theory that Jews were evil and that eradicating them would make the world a better place. Killing people is seen as wrong, however as the Nazi’s claimed that more people would benefit from the killing of millions, according to utilitarianism their actions were justified. However, Utilitarianism also has some other applications to the real world, for example if a person was suffering from a disease that they decided they didn’t want to live through, they may choose to end their life via euthanasia. According to utilitarianism, the most happiness would go to the person suffering from the disease and their family and friends, this is because even though the family and friends would be sad that the person had passed away they would also be happy because the person they love would not be suffering.
In this section of the report, the authors detail the rate at which destructive fire kills, injures, and causes property loss to Americans. The report states that fire claims the lives of 12,000 people every year in the U.S., making it the second highest cause of accidental death. That isn’t the only human toll, because there are also 300,000 people who are injured by fire on an annual basis. The authors expound on the injuries by detailing the painful experiences of patients who must endure numerous plastic and reconstructive surgeries. The price of destructive fire is estimated at over $11 billion a year in the U.S. Loss of businesses leads to loss of jobs, which is a price that is beyond calculation.
Both deontological and teleological ethical systems use opposing ethical guides yet they both have the same aim, to help people make moral decisions. The most well-known teleological ethical system is act utilitarianism devised by Jeremy Bentham in the 18th century, which focuses on achieving the best short-term outcome. As a hedonist, Bentham created a theory that followed a hedonistic approach and so created the principle of utility which he explains in his book "The principles of morals and legislation", is the idea that an action is good if it creates "the greatest good for the greatest number", he came up with the hedonic calculus to guide
I know that if I was a family member or a friend of the people showed in the pictures, I would not want these to be available for the world to see. We praised these pictures when in reality we should have mourned the death other the individual in the picture. Just like in Bruce Franklin’s Realism to Virtual Reality: Images of America’s Wars, he states, "Scores of commercial photographers, seeking authenticity and profits,”(Franklin 810). He is absolutely correct; photographers will take photographs of almost anything to make a profit. This includes pictures of fallen soldiers and people performing desperate acts trying to save their lives.
AO2 Like all arguments you get a bit of disagreement factors too. I will outline why some philosophers have chosen to reject the design argument and why I think it remains a convincing one. To start things off, John Stuart Mill argues that the design argument is flawed because of evil and suffering in the world. If God is an intelligent designer, why has he chosen to include these flaws? Surely an ‘intelligent’ designer wouldn’t be clueless enough to include something that others would have to suffer for, it’s unjust.
According to Zinn in the 15 years after 1492 over 3 million people died due to war, slavery and labor. Zinn says that every Indian who was over 14 years old was required to meet a quota of gold every 3 months and was punished by losing their hands if
An estimated one hundred and ten thousand Americans died every year from this disease. As soon as a person become ill with Tuberculosis they where sent into what they called back then a “waiting room for death”. Today they are called them sanatoriums. The two most common sanitariums where located in Virginia. Virginia had the most infected people, about twelve thousand one hundred twenty seven people.
Singer creates two hypothetical situations to support his argument and to get the reader to ask themselves, "Should I do this or not?". I disagree with Peter Singer’s claim that all unnecessary luxuries should be sacrificed for the children in need overseas because most Americans really don’t have the money to give, if we stop buying the unnecessary items then that leaves people without jobs, and Singer demands we give to the needy but never says whether he does or not. The first reason Singer is incorrect is that he believes this radical theory that Americans should redirect all unnecessary income to organizations aiding victims of poverty. But yet I doubt he stops to think if Americans truly do or don’t have the money to give. When Singer states, "again, the formula is simple: whatever money you're spending on luxuries, not necessities, should be given away" (Singer) it’s like he believes Americans actually care.
Every year thousands of people suffer from a disease known as alcoholism and addiction. American Medical Association declared alcoholism and illness in 1956. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, alcoholism truly is a disease of the mind. Alcoholics have been around for about 60 years. This past year it was estimated that 30,000 people lost their lives due to alcohol related deaths.
“Untreated mental illness among our veterans is a national tragedy: Approximately 22 veterans die by suicide every day, the vast predominance of them suffering from an acute mental or substance use disorder, or both” (Rosenberg). Some of the mental health illness that veterans have, which go untreated, have caused the unemployment rate among veterans to go