For the first time he saw the real world and knew that what he was seeing far beyond the shadows from the cave. Later, he returns to his fellow prisoners in the cave to tell them about the real world. To his astonishment, the prisoners did not believe him and instead, became angry. They believed that the shadows were reality and that the escaped prisoner is crazy for saying otherwise. According to Plato, the outside world represents the world of forms.
Also, his so-called adventures are told in a story book. That is not evidence because there is no concrete proof pertaining to his discovery of the New World. For the Japanese, there was proof; the pottery fragments and the volcanic ash. We do not even know if Brendan truly exists, although some would argue otherwise. The next least plausible theory is the tale of Prince Madoc and the Madman.
THE ALLEGORY OF THE CAVE The following is an excerpt from Plato’s dialogue called “The Republic.” In this section of the dialogue called the “Allegory of the Cave,” Socrates creates an allegory to help illustrate his theory of knowledge. “Now then,” Socrates said, “let me tell you a story about ignorance and education which will explain the condition of man’s nature. Imagine that there is an underground cave with a long entrance open to the light. In this cave men have been chained from birth, fettered by the neck and legs so they cannot move. They cannot turn their heads around; they can only look forward at the wall of the cave.
The Allegory of the Cave by Plato is an essay that is both symbolic and meaningful. Plato presents people as prisoners in cave. While Cogito ergo sum by Descartes is about the thinking concepts. Both philosophers argues that there is a higher reality in which mankind did not reach yet. However it is reachable by passing through different limitations His Both Plato and Descartes argue that humans are trapped by wrong assumptions and beliefs.
According Plato's "Allegory of the Cave" The chained man was suddenly released from his bondage and let out into the world. He continues to describe how some people would immediately be frightened and would want to return to the cave and its familiarity. Others would look at the sun and finally begin to see the world as it truly is. Freedom often scares those that have been chained for so long. Their reality has become distorted and they often cling
Although there are many strengths of Plato’s forms, the theory also has a lot of flaws. For example, there is the ‘third man’ argument as well as fact that the theory does not have any conclusive proof. One criticism of Plato’s theory is that the existence of any other world other than our own is impossible - only his World of Appearances can be proved to be ‘true’ and real; his theory of a World of the Forms existing will always remain just that - a theory. If there is no conclusive proof that the Forms exist, how can they be of use to us in the real, illusionistic world? A second criticism of his theory is that the forms could just be ideas in people’s minds.
Dalton, Kathleen Final Paper Sean Grattan EN 170W Movie: Fight Club Theoretical Reading: “Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses” Our true existence is not always the life we think we live, the illusion and our reality conflicts the life we want to live and the life society accepts us to live. In the Movie Fight Club by Chuck Palahniuk a man struggles to be himself and in return creates an imaginary character that he can live his life through. In the theoretical text, “Ideology and Ideological Sate Apparatuses” Louis Althusser explains that people create illusions to live through instead of facing the fact they are breaking social expectations. Together “Fight Club” and “Ideology and Ideological Sate Apparatuses” display clear examples of one’s true existence verses illusion of existence. In Fight Club the narrator tells us about his life and all the material aspects of it that he enjoys.
Many philosophers interpret the absurd differently, but Camus described the absurd as the product of our human tendency to search for a greater power or meaning and our inability to find anything, which no matter what man does he will be faced with “the silence of the universe”. He quotes “The absurd is not in man nor the world, but in their presence together. . . it is the only bond uniting them.” Camus realized humans were then faced with a predicament, what do we do, know that we are aware that there is no hope or greater being/meaning.
Behind the prisoners there is a fire and the shadows were cast on the wall, which are the only thing the prisoners could see. As a result, they imagine the reality by the shadows and become their beliefs. Then one prisoner gets out the cave, and walks outside to the real world. The bright light from the sun shocked him initially, but later on he learns about the concept of the world, and finally recognizes the sun is the ultimate truth. I believe there are similarities to our learning process, for instance, when I studied chemistry at the high school, many chemical formula and equations which I found very difficult to understand.
a) Who is keeping the prisoners of the matrix ignorant and for what purposes? Are the chains keeping the prisoners of the cave and the prisoners of the matrix in bondage physical or psychological? b) Briefly list the similarities in the five stages of enlightenment for the freed prisoner in Plato’s “Allegory of the Cave” and for Neo in The Matrix. c) What are three key differences between Neo’s enlightenment in The Matrix and Plato’s prisoner? 1a) As Morpheus says: “When the Matrix was first built, there was a man born inside who had the ability to change whatever he wanted, to remake the Matrix as he saw fit.