Philosophy and Goals of Punishment and Reformation

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Philosophy and goals of punishment and reformation Strayer University CRJ410 Philosophy and goals of punishment and reformation Introduction In the United States, punishment and sentencing concept continue recording constant change. In the modern society, there is no standard procedure when it comes to punishment. Moreover, the practices and goals of sentencing are subject to constant examination. From an old society that used sentencing as a way of getting tough on crimes, other goals incorporated in modern society include rehabilitation. However, the goals and perceptions of sentencing continue to change. Because of these changes, several issues also face corrections in modern society. Analyze three (3) of the major issues facing corrections today, highlighting their historical development. Over the last few years, three main issues have remained dominant in the political debate and policy of corrections. The first issue revolves around sexual attacks or abuse that remains prevalent in correctional facilities. After being sure that correctional facilities are dominated by sexual injustices, advocates embarked on a mission of creating awareness on the prevalence, massiveness, growth and epidemic prison rape that continue dominating in detention facilities, jails and prisons. Activists referred to research findings establishing that, in the United States alone, ten percent of 1.8 million prisoners are victims of this unlawful act. The second issue id the cruelty at Iraq’s Abu Ghraib correctional facility. When these abuses took place at this prison, human rights activists cited human rights abuse. Because of these misfortunes, corrections professionals joined hands with these activists to condemn them in prisons. After the emergence of these events, critics and activists issued a sweeping allegation targeting American

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