Cody Ploughman April 30th, 2013 Prison Privatization The privatization of prisons has, to say the least, become a very controversial topic both in the private sector as well as in the Department of Corrections. So the question has been raised, should we privatize prisons in America? There can be numerous arguments made for both sides, as it has its pros and cons. “A private prison or for-profit prison, jail, or detention center is a place in which individuals are physically confined or interned by a third party that is contracted by a government agency” (Pearson 405). Private prison companies typically enter into contractual agreements with governments that commit prisoners and then pay a per diem or monthly rate for each prisoner confined in the facility.
In today’s society, police officers have used excessive force that leads to inexcusable assaults, beatings, shootings, or even death. This type of violence is called police brutality. Police brutality remains a major concern for those of the community. The intent of this paper is to show examples of police brutality and how the criminal justice system and law enforcement administrators handled these cases. To help alleviate police brutality, review boards started to appear in the 1960's (Albrecht, Halleck, Lardner, & Milton, 1977).
As a result of the brutality and extensive use of corporal and capital punishment, some were dissatisfied with these methods of responding to criminal behavior (Seiter, R. (2011). Utilizing these methods or forms of punishment was no longer acceptable. Prison building efforts in the United States came in three major components. Initially, during the Jacksonian Eraprisons were used for the purposes of imprisonment and rehabilitation labor. Majority of the states during the time of the Civil War began to utilize this method for most crimes.
He is very experienced in criminal law and is against mandatory sentencing. This journal presents information that the mandatory sentencing policy in the U.S. is a failure. It argues that Legislators thought that they could “get tough on crime,” especially drug crime. I feel this source gives educated reasons as to why drug policy needs to be changed. It also backs up my other sources with the same research results; by removing the sentencing discretion of judges, and replacing it with mandatory jail sentences, we are sending more offenders to prison instead of programs designed to rehabilitate.
Outline and evaluate institutional aggression Institutional behaviour refers to the violent behaviour which exists within certain institutions or groups; taking place within prisons, schools and healthcare settings. One theory of aggression is the “importation model”. Irwin and Cressey claim that inmates who enter prisons with particular characteristics are more likely to engage in interpersonal violence than other inmates. Research in the US has shown that black inmates compared to white inmates are more likely to be associated with violence. This may be because Black Prisoners often enter from impoverished backgrounds with higher rates of violent crimes; therefore “import “their cultural norms which condone violent behaviour.
The number one reason of suicide in jails is because of rape. It is also recorded by the NIC that it’s the number three reason for suicide in prisons after illness and natural causes. A lot of inmates will suffer from depression, stress and anxiety disorders after becoming victims of rape. Some of the inmates will develop Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome or psychiatric disorders. According to Richie McMullan the author of Male Rape: Breaking the Silence on the Last Taboo; counseling is an important step to recovery.
Prisons are consistently overflowing with repeat offenders and minor criminals. In addition to repeat offenders and perpetrators of minor crimes clogging up the system, the cost of keeping a prisoner is astronomical compared to the author’s suggested form of punishment. However, I do see the need for prisons, or someplace comparable, to keep the most violent criminals out of society. I believe Moskos should have stated hard facts regarding the ineffectiveness of prisons and given pertinent details about the productive use of corporal punishment. I’m not sure there are any “appropriate” forms of punishment.
CRJS 310 IP 4 Ann Pierce AIU Online Abstract Terrorism has brought about many changes in law enforcement. It has also led to more racial profiling. Terrorism has created more fear in the American people, caused more laws to be enacted that affect people’s rights, and has brought the issue of racial profiling to the nations attention. CRJS 310 IP 4 Establishing terrorism as a crime has changed a lot of things in this country. It has made changes in laws, policing and in the way people are seen based on ethnic factors, racial profiling has become a bigger problem since the events of 9/11.
I think this Amendment is important because of the stories I hear on the news and all the civil rights lawsuits being filed lately regarding the punishments inmates receive by deputies while be detained in jails or even incarcerated in prisons. There are some really big issues in our society in regards