Philosophical Perspectives In Education

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CHAPTER II Philosophical Perspectives in Education Contributed by Linda Pompa Villarreal Questions for Consideration **** To answer the following questions, each respondent must have a working knowledge of the following philosophical schools of thought: idealism, realism, pragmatism, existentialism, essentialism, perennialism, progressivism, and social reconstructionism. (Patty Purdy Puts Eggs In Every Red Sock) 1. What is your philosophy of education and how will it guide your educational decisions that you encounter as a leader? How can you as a leader create the ideal learning environment for students by incorporating the basic tenets of the philosophy of education? 2. Identify the eight basic tenets of educational philosophy and discuss which philosophical questions, arguments, and positions have significantly shaped K-12 public education in the U.S.? Provide detailed examples of the educational phases of our current public educational system. 3. Describe an educational organization that reflects your beliefs in educational philosophy. Include, in your response, how curriculum and instruction, organizational structure, and staff development are influenced by that educational philosophy. 4. Schools in Texas continue to raise the accountability bar. How does your educational philosophy correlate to the “high stakes” theory of student achievement? Discuss the different philosophical tenets that would favor “high stake testing” and those tenets that would oppose it. This chapter is a summary of the significant philosophical views in education. The purpose of this chapter is to help each cohort member in identifying, revisiting, comparing, contrasting, and analyzing each philosophical tenet. The chapter is divided into 6 sections. The sections are: 1. Possible questions to consider for preparation for the Comprehensive Exam. 2. Introduction into the
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