Philippine Constitution Legislative Department Essay

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1. What is legislative power? According to De Leon (2008) legislative power is essentially the authority under the Constitution to make laws subsequently, when the need arises, to alter and repeal them. The laws must be in keeping with the times because what is legal is not necessarily just, or may become unjust because of changed conditions. That is why existing laws may need amendment or revision, or have to be repealed (p. 227). 2. To whom is it vested? They first provision of Article VI states that the legislative power shall be vested in the Congress of the Philippines which shall consist of a Senate and a House of Representatives, except to the extent reserved to the people by the provision on initiative and referendum (De Leon, 2008, p.227). 3. What are the classifications of Legislative power? As mentioned in De Leon (2008) the Legislative power is classified into the following: (1) General legislative power- It is the power to enact laws intended as rules of conduct to govern the relations among individuals or between the individuals and the State. The Congress can enact any law as long as it does not contradict the Constitution. (2) Specific powers- They are powers which the Constitution expressly directs or authorizes Congress to exercise like the power to choose who shall become the President in case two or more candidates have an equal and highest number of votes, to confirm certain appointments by the President, to promote social justice, to declare the existence of a state of war, to impose taxes, to appropriate money, to impeach, and also to act as a constituent assembly. (3) Implied Powers- They are those essential or necessary to the effective exercise of the powers expressly granted, like the power to conduct inquiry and investigation in aid legislation, to punish for contempt, to determine the rules of its

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