Phosphate: Increase due to reduced excretion in urine. Blood Urea Nitrogen: Increase indicates inability to excrete urea; suggest renal dysfunction. Creatinine: Increase indicates inability to excrete Creatinine; suggests renal dysfunction. Albumin: Decrease indicates loss of protein into urine. pH: Decrease indicates acidosis Urinalysis: Protein: Significant increase due to loss in urine: suggest renal dysfunction.
When the average heart rate from the Control group, (151), is compared against the 3 average heart rates recorded from the three strengths of alcohol, (133, 109, 109), I interpreted that the heart rate is reduced at all alcohol strengths. My hypothesis for the Caffeine portion of the experiment was that at the introduction of caffeine to the water flea, as well as each stronger level of caffeine to its system, the water fleas heart rate would increase. When the average heart rate from the Control group, (176), is compared against the 3 average heart rates recorded from the three strengths of caffeine, (175, 173, 176), I interpreted that the heart rate is similar to both the control test, as well as with all alcohol strengths. I did not expect those results; I anticipated a higher heart rate. Were I to conduct this project again, I would find a more accurate way to measure the heartbeats, wait longer between applications of both alcohol and caffeine and wait longer after each application of alcohol or caffeine for it to take effect in the water fleas system.
Assuming Joseph’s heart has stopped, what cellular processes and membrane functions are going to be affected by the loss of oxygen, blood glucose, and waste removal? The cellular process that is normally affected is aerobic respiration. Glucose begins the process in glycolysis and oxygen is required for reactions in the mitochondria. Carbon dioxide is then produced as a byproduct, which is a waste that requires to be excreted. The mitochondria has no more oxygen and glucose to make essential ATP energy, when carbon dioxide levels inside the cell rose and PH began to drop.
Case Study Progress. The room air ABG results are reviewed. According to the results M.M. is in respiratory acidosis. Because of M.M.’s increased Kussmaul respirations he is unable to fully express carbon dioxide from his lungs causing the carbon dioxide concentration of the blood to increase and the pH to decrease causing acidosis.
Alteration of the response to the Valsalva maneuver and amyl nitrite administration; iv. Reduction of heart rate and blood pressure changes on exercise c. Timolol decreases the positive chronotropic, positive inotropic, bronchodilator, and vasodilator responses caused by beta-adrenergic receptor agonists. i. The
www.NCLEXPreceptor.com to learn how to pass NCLEX on your 1st try Cheat Sheet For Acid/Base Balance First, Identify if the blood pH is Acidic or Alkaline: Acidosis (acidemia) occurs when pH drops below 7.35 Alkalosis (alkalemia) occurs when the pH rises above 7.45 Second, Identify if the problem is caused by a respiratory problem or a metabolic problem: Respiratory problem is determined if the PaC02 is less than 35mmHg(alkalosis) or greater than 45 mmHg(acidosis). If PaCO2 is off then you have respiratory problems. Metabolic problem is when the HC03 is less than 22mEq/L (acidosis) or greater than 26mEq/L(alkalosis). If HCO3 is off then you have metabolic problems acidotic with a PaC02 greater than 45 mmHg =
a. Pyrite hypothesis accept/reject = I accept my hypothesis because after the pyrite was introduced to the water the level of ph dropped to 4 making the water more acidic. b. Coal hypothesis accept/reject = I reject my hypothesis because the ph level rose slightly making it less acidic after the coal was introduced to the water sample. 3. Based on your data, what effect do you predict coal mining has on the environment?
Use a new glucose strip and record Data: Conclusion: According to my data, pH levels do, in fact, affect the results of Lactex. I say this because in my experiment, pre-enzyme, my solutions were all negative except for the soda. I used the test strips to determine if they were negative or positive solutions. After I put in the enzyme, Lactex, my results changed. Vinegar, Antacid, and Soap all became positive solutions after I put in the enzyme.
A. Atrial Natriuretic Hormone B. Anti Diuretic Hormene C. Follicle Stimulating Hormone D. Insulin Like Growth Factor 26. Residual volume is a factor in determining Vital Capacity . True . False 27. What hormone is responsible for decreasing the level of calcium in the blood .
Prerenal 2. Renal 3. Postrenal. Prerenal azotemia may be caused by reduced blood flow through the kidneys or by more production of urea in the liver due to a protein rich diet or enhanced protein catabolism (e.g stress, febrile illness, corticosteroid therapy, or gastrointestinal bleeding). Renal causes may be due to reduced renal function.